Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/35705
Title: Renewable electricity support systems: Are feed-in systems taking the lead?
Authors: Schallenberg-Rodriguez, Julieta 
UNESCO Clasification: 3306 Ingeniería y tecnología eléctricas
3322 Tecnología energética
Keywords: Renewable electricity support system
Feed-in-Systems
Quota system
Green Certificates
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 
Abstract: Support systems for renewable-energy-sourced electricity (RES-E) can be classified into price- and quantity based systems. Their most representative instruments are feed-in systems (price-based) and quota systems, e.g. green certificates or a Renewable Portfolio Standard (quantity-based). The origins of these support systems are quite different and are motivated by different political and economic needs. Likewise their geographical distribution and effectiveness also differ. Worldwide feed-in systems are the most widespread RES-E support system. In recent years, some classical quota countries have partially (or even totally) changed to feed-in systems. Feed-in systems seem to encourage higher RES-E deployment, technology diversity and investor security. Although the manufacturing capacity for certain RES-E technologies has been more developed in some feed-in countries, lately this has changed to some extent due to the incorporation of emerging countries in the RES-E industry. Traditionally, quota systems appeared to be more compatible with liberalisation of the electricity market. However, since the introduction of the premium system, this argument can be countered, since feed-in premiums can be considered compatible with the electricity market as quota systems. Regarding the price paid for RES-E in quota-countries, higher green certificate prices have not led to higher RES-E quantities. Moreover, the relative support levels in quota-countries are higher on average than in FIT-countries, contradicting the common argument that quota systems are more cost effective. Additionally, feed-in systems, especially if stepped tariffs are designed, encourage higher RES-E geographical dispersion; avoiding the concentration of RES-E facilities in just a few locations, which can lead to NIMBY -Not In My Back Yard- syndrome. All these factors may explain the steady spread of feed-in systems worldwide. The purpose of this paper is to assess the performance of quota and feed-in systems, thereby contributing to the worldwide debate on the suitability of the different RES-E support systems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/35705
ISSN: 1364-0321
DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.105
Source: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews[ISSN 1364-0321],v. 76, p. 1422-1439
Appears in Collections:Reseña
Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

26
checked on May 22, 2022

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

27
checked on May 15, 2022

Page view(s)

13
checked on Oct 23, 2021

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Share



Export metadata



Items in accedaCRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.