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Title: Ethanol levels in legally autopsied subjects: Analytical approach and epidemiological relevance in a prospective study in the touristic region of the Canary Islands (Spain)
Authors: Almeida-González, Maira 
Henríquez Hernández, Luis Alberto 
Pérez Luzardo, Octavio L. 
Zumbado, Manuel 
Zaragoza, Enrique
Meilán, María José
Camacho Rodríguez, María 
Boada, luis d 
UNESCO Clasification: 3214 Toxicología
6113 Psicofarmacología
Keywords: Forensic sciences
Blood alcohol concentration
Vitreous humor alcohol concentration
Traffic accidents
Tourist region, et al
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 
Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the presence of alcohol in individuals (137) that were subjected to a mandatory medico-legal autopsy in the Institute of Legal Medicine of Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain) during 2015. Blood and vitreous humor samples (232) were analyzed by gas chromatography. 46.0% of the individuals were positive for alcohol, being half of them tourists. Blood alcohol concentrations (bac) was higher in men over 60 years (p = 0.041). 10.2% of the series died in a traffic accident, and victims had the highest proportion of positives to alcohol (64.3%) and the highest bac (2.56 g/l, p = 0.048). The BAC: VHAC (alcohol in vitreous humor) ratio was higher among victims of traffic crashes (p = 0.036), suggesting a short elapsed interval between the alcohol intake and the fatal accident. The results of this study indicate that ethanol is still heavily involved in non-natural deaths.
ISSN: 1752-928X
DOI: 10.1016/j.jflm.2017.08.015
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine [ISSN 1752-928X], v. 52, p. 40-45
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