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Title: A novel approach in the treatment of acute whiplash syndrome: Ultrasound-guided needle percutaneous electrolysis. A randomized controlled trial
Authors: García Naranjo, J.
Barroso Rosa, S.
Loro Ferrer, Juan Francisco 
Limiñana Cañal, José María
Suarez Hernández, E.
UNESCO Clasification: 320404 Rehabilitación (médica)
Keywords: Whiplash
Neck pain
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research 
Abstract: Introduction Whiplash associated disorders are currently a common musculoskeletal problem. Besides the high incidence in western countries, the costs derived from prolonged treatment and medicolegal compensation, make this entity a challenging problem for clinicians and insurance companies. To date, no conservative treatment has shown clear superiority in the management of acute cases. Hypothesis Percutaneous needle electrolysis (PNE) is an effective approach for the treatment of Quebec type II acute whiplash syndrome (AWS). PNE consists in the application of brief galvanic currents into a damaged structure, producing a local controlled inflammatory response, with subsequent tissular healing enhancement. Materials and methods One hundred AWS patients were randomized into: (a) standard physiotherapy intervention for AWS; (b) a standardized PNE protocol for AWS. Both groups were assessed for treatment outcome at the 5th week mark. Results Both groups showed a statistically significant improvement according to the Northwick Park Neck Questionnaire, visual analogic scale and pressure pain threshold. The improvement was similar in both groups, except for the pain pressure threshold, with a 56.6% reduction vs. 44.4% reduction in favour of the PNE group (P = 0.035). In addition, the physio group consumed a mean treatment time of 20 hours, while the PNE intervention averaged less than 1 hour in total. Discussion PNE can be considered as an effective treatment option for AWS. Importantly, the technique is highly cost-effective, with limited equipment required and a notable treatment time reduction, compared to more comprehensive physiotherapy protocols. Type of study Randomized controlled trial. Level of proof 1b.
ISSN: 1877-0568
DOI: 10.1016/j.rcot.2017.09.421
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research [ISSN 1877-0568], v. 103 (8), p. 1229-1234
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