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Title: Airborne dust accumulation and soil development in the north-east sector of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain)
Authors: Menéndez, I. 
Díaz-Hernández, J. L.
Mangas, J. 
Alonso, I. 
Sánchez Soto, P. J.
UNESCO Clasification: 250105 Química atmosférica
Keywords: Dolomites
Saharan aerosol
Dust mineralogy
Issue Date: 2007
Journal: Journal of Arid Environments 
Abstract: The island of Gran Canaria is located in the eastern Atlantic, to the west of the Saharan Desert, and, as a result of its proximity, is regularly affected by Saharan dust. When this weather condition occurs (haze conditions) the particulate/aerosol accumulation rate was lightly higher than under nonhaze conditions (5.473.8 mg m2 h1 versus 4.372.1 mg m2 h1 ). To quantify the contribution of airborne Saharan dust to soil development in northeastern Gran Canaria, aeolian dust was collected weekly at different altitudes and distances from the coast during a year in a series of collection plots. Mean values of dust accumulation rates decreased with increasing altitude (from 79 to 17 g m2 yr1 ). The mineralogy of airborne dust, identified by XRD, was quartz, Mg-calcite, calcite, feldspars, dolomite, magnetite, aragonite, halite, and minor amounts of illite, kaolinite-chlorite and palygorskite. Quartz is considered allochthonous because it is not present in the volcanic substrate of the island. However, the difference in quartz concentration from haze to non-haze conditions was only 10% higher. This suggests an external source, but does not preclude a recycled origin. The recognition of well shaped dolomites, observed by SEM-EDX in collected dust samples and in soils samples of the lowest altitude plot, indicate an edaphic origin, but are later recycled as an airborne component.
ISSN: 0140-1963
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2007.03.011
Source: Journal of Arid Environments[ISSN 0140-1963],v. 71, p. 57-81
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