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Title: The submarine volcano eruption at the island of El Hierro: Physical-chemical perturbation and biological response
Authors: Fraile Nuez, Eugenio
González-Dávila, M. 
Santana-Casiano, J. M. 
Arístegui, J. 
Alonso-González, Iván J.
Hernández-León, S. 
Blanco, María José
Rodríguez-Santana, A. 
Hernández-Guerra, A. 
Gelado-Caballero, M. D. 
Eugenio González, Francisco
Marcello, J. 
Armas, Demetrio de
Domínguez-Yanes, J.F.
Montero, M. F. 
Laetsch, D.R.
Vélez Belchí, Pedro
González Ramos, Antonio Juan 
Ariza, Alejandro V.
Comas-Rodríguez, Isis
Benítez Barrios, V.
UNESCO Clasification: 250621 Vulcanología
2503 Geoquímica
251002 Oceanografía química
Keywords: Oceanography
Climate change
Issue Date: 2012
Project: Changes In Carbon Uptake And Emissions By Oceans In A Changing Climate (Carbochange). 
Journal: Scientific Reports 
Abstract: On October 10 2011 an underwater eruption gave rise to a novel shallow submarine volcano south of the island of El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain. During the eruption large quantities of mantle-derived gases, solutes and heat were released into the surrounding waters. In order to monitor the impact of the eruption on the marine ecosystem, periodic multidisciplinary cruises were carried out. Here, we present an initial report of the extreme physical-chemical perturbations caused by this event, comprising thermal changes, water acidification, deoxygenation and metal-enrichment, which resulted in significant alterations to the activity and composition of local plankton communities.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/srep00486
Source: Scientific Reports [ISSN 2045-2322], v. 2 (486), (Julio 2012)
Rights: by-nc-nd
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