Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/21858
Title: The submarine volcano eruption at the island of El Hierro: Physical-chemical perturbation and biological response
Authors: Fraile Nuez, Eugenio
González-Dávila, M. 
Santana-Casiano, J. M. 
Arístegui, J. 
Alonso-González, Iván J.
Hernández-León, S. 
Blanco, María José
Rodríguez-Santana, A. 
Hernández-Guerra, A. 
Gelado-Caballero, M. D. 
Eugenio González, Francisco
Marcello, J. 
Armas, Demetrio de
Domínguez-Yanes, J.F.
Montero, M. F. 
Laetsch, D.R.
Vélez Belchí, Pedro
Ramos, A. 
Ariza, Alejandro V.
Comas-Rodríguez, Isis
Benítez Barrios, V.
UNESCO Clasification: 250621 Vulcanología
2503 Geoquímica
251002 Oceanografía química
Keywords: Oceanography
Adaptation
Climate change
Biodiversity
Issue Date: 2012
Journal: Scientific Reports 
Abstract: On October 10 2011 an underwater eruption gave rise to a novel shallow submarine volcano south of the island of El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain. During the eruption large quantities of mantle-derived gases, solutes and heat were released into the surrounding waters. In order to monitor the impact of the eruption on the marine ecosystem, periodic multidisciplinary cruises were carried out. Here, we present an initial report of the extreme physical-chemical perturbations caused by this event, comprising thermal changes, water acidification, deoxygenation and metal-enrichment, which resulted in significant alterations to the activity and composition of local plankton communities.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/21858
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/srep00486
Source: Scientific Reports,v. 2 (486)
Rights: by-nc-nd
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