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Title: Health challenges in african countries: a focus on physical, mental, and emotional well-being
Authors: Ramírez Ramos, Luis Miguel 
UNESCO Clasification: 3212 Salud pública
Keywords: Sanidad
Issue Date: 2024
Publisher: Servicio de Publicaciones y Difusión Científica de la Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC) 
Conference: 1st CONGRESS BRIDGE to AFRICA 
Abstract: This presentation examines the critical aspects of physical, mental, and emotional health in African countries, with a particular focus on nations close to Spain. It delves into the challenges faced by individuals and communities in these regions, including issues related to nutrition, inadequate hygiene conditions, and a lack of health education. Health challenges in African countries are multifaceted and pose significant obstacles to achieving optimal physical, mental, and emotional well-being across the continent. This abstract explores the complex interplay of factors contributing to health disparities in Africa, with a specifi c focus on the challenges faced by individuals and communities in both urban and rural settings. Physical health challenges in Africa are characterized by a high burden of infectious diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and neglected tropical diseases. Limited access to healthcare services, inadequate sanitation infrastructure, and food insecurity exacerbate the impact of these diseases, particularly among vulnerable populations such as children, pregnant women, and individuals living in poverty. Non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer, are also on the rise in Africa, further straining healthcare systems and resources. Mental health remains a signifi cantly overlooked aspect of healthcare in many African countries. Stigma, discrimination, and misconceptions surrounding mental illness often lead to underreporting, misdiagnosis, and inadequate treatment of mental health disorders. Limited access to mental health services, shortage of trained professionals, and lack of funding further compound the challenges faced by individuals seeking mental health support. Emotional well-being is closely intertwined with physical and mental health outcomes in Africa. Trauma, psychosocial stressors, and social determinants of health such as poverty, violence, and displacement contribute to high rates of emotional distress and psychological trauma in many African communities. Addressing these underlying factors requires comprehensive approaches that prioritize mental health promotion, resilience-building, and communitybased support services. In response to these health challenges, stakeholders in Africa must prioritize investments in health infrastructure, education, and interventions aimed at promoting holistic well-being. Strengthening healthcare systems, improving access to essential health services, and enhancing health literacy are essential steps towards achieving health equity and universal health coverage in Africa. Additionally, addressing social determinants of health, such as poverty, education, and gender inequality, is critical for addressing the root causes of health disparities and promoting sustainable development across the continent.
ISBN: 978-84-9042-527-5
Source: 1st CONGRESS-BRIDGE to AFRICA [ISBN 978-84-9042-527-5], p. 130-140
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
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