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Title: Intracemetery relationships: Non-metric trait combination analysis of Maspalomas of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain)
Authors: Cockerill, Samuel James
Arnay-De-La-Rosa, Matilde
Gonzalez-Reimers, Emilio
Alberto Barroso,Carmen Verónica 
UNESCO Clasification: 5503 Historia de países
Keywords: Talar Articular Facets
Anatomy, et al
Issue Date: 2024
Journal: Anthropologischer Anzeiger 
Abstract: Maspalomas is one of the most important archaeological sites in Gran Canaria, Canary Islands. The necropolis is one of the few funerary sites on the island where several the skeletons were found in anatomical position. The burials correspond to graves and cists dated between the 12 th and 15 th century CE. These graves and cists are clustered together in different formations across the necropolis, giving rise to a complex composition that denotes the existence of possible inter - personal relationships of the people buried there. A total of 135 calcanei and 118 tali were analysed to find non-metric traits and to test whether the clustered burials share a non-metric trait relationship. Trait combinations were formed using talus and calcaneus non-metric traits separately. The results of this study suggest that the individuals of Maspalomas showed a very high prevalence of lateral and medial talar facets, attributed to prolonged squatting position and/or walking on uneven ground. The calcaneal facet pattern (that may be aetiologically genetic) is more closely related to that observed among North-Africans or Indians than to Western Europeans. Calcaneal facet type Ib, and other genetically-determined traits, such as the extra facet extension of Posterior Facet, or the medial root of the inferior extensor retinaculum trait, either as single traits or as the combination of both traits, were significantly associated with individuals buried in different geographical areas of the necropolis defined by differences in burial structures, a finding that may suggest that genetically-linked indi - viduals were buried in a separate area of the necropolis. The use of trait combination analysis in this study shows that the method can be applied to identify relationships among genetically or professionally related individuals that were subjected to a different burial procedure by their contemporaries.
ISSN: 0003-5548
DOI: 10.1127/anthranz/2024/1785
Source: Anthropologischer Anzeiger [ISSN 0003-5548], (Mayo 2024)
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