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Title: Understanding the coupling of non-metallic heteroatoms to CO2 from a Conceptual DFT perspective
Authors: Ferrer, Maxime
Elguero, José
Alkorta, Ibon
Azofra Mesa, Luis Miguel 
UNESCO Clasification: 23 Química
Keywords: Alcohol-Co2cCoupling
Amine-Co2 coupling
Density functional theory (Dft)
Thiol-Co2 coupling
Issue Date: 2024
Journal: Journal of Molecular Modeling 
Abstract: A Conceptual DFT (CDFT) study has been carry out to analyse the coupling reactions of the simplest amine (CH3NH2), alcohol (CH3OH), and thiol (CH3SH) compounds with CO2 to form the corresponding adducts CH3NHCO2H, CH3OCO2H, and CH3SCO2H. The reaction mechanism takes place in a single step comprising two chemical events: nucleophilic attack of the non-metallic heteroatoms to CO2 followed by hydrogen atom transfer (HAT). According to our calculations, the participation of an additional nucleophilic molecule as HAT assistant entails important decreases in activation electronic energies. In such cases, the formation of a six-membered ring in the transition state (TS) reduces the angular stress with respect to the non-assisted paths, characterised by four-membered ring TSs. Through the analysis of the energy and reaction force profiles along the intrinsic reaction coordinate (IRC), the ratio of structural reorganisation and electronic rearrangement for both activation and relaxation energies has been computed. In addition, the analysis of the electronic chemical potential and reaction electronic flux profiles confirms that the highest electronic activity as well as their changes take place in the TS region. Finally, the distortion/interaction model using an energy decomposition scheme based on the electron density along the reaction coordinate has been carried out and the relative energy gradient (REG) method has been applied to identify the most important components associated to the barriers.
ISSN: 1610-2940
DOI: 10.1007/s00894-024-05992-3
Source: Journal of Molecular Modeling [ISSN 1610-2940], v. 30
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