Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: National culture favouring gender equality, supervisor gender and supportive behaviours towards employees
Authors: Suárez Ortega, Sonia María 
Suarez, Mar
García Cabrera, Antonia Mercedes 
UNESCO Clasification: 531104 Organización de recursos humanos
Keywords: Gender
National culture
Social role theory
Supervisor's supportive behaviours
Issue Date: 2024
Project: PID2021-123274NB-I00 financiado/a por MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033
Journal: Gender in Management 
Abstract: Purpose. This study aims to examine the effect of the interplay between national culture and supervisor gender on supervisors’ supportive behaviours towards employees in Europe. Design/methodology/approach. Based on Hofstede’s cultural scores for 34 European countries, two clusters of countries were identified, reflecting two cultural configurations: favouring versus not favouring gender equality (GE). For hypotheses testing, the authors used a sample of 21,335 native employees, obtained from the European Working Conditions Survey. Findings. Women in supervisory positions, compared to men, provided more support to subordinates in terms of respect, recognition, encouraging development and providing feedback. In countries with cultures favouring progress towards GE (small power distance, weak uncertainty avoidance, individualism and indulgence), only respect and recognition were more prevalent. In countries with opposing cultural configurations, other supportive behaviours stood out: coordinating work, providing feedback and helping with work. Furthermore, the impact of supervisor gender on supportive behaviours was influenced by national culture. Gender differences were larger in countries with a culture favouring progress towards GE compared to countries not favouring such progress. Originality/value. The authors present a pioneering study that delves into national values as they relate to progress towards GE to understand the differences between male and female supervisors in the display of six supportive behaviours towards their subordinates. Their cultural approach nuances some of the predictions of social role theory.
ISSN: 1754-2413
DOI: 10.1108/GM-04-2023-0147
Source: Gender in Management [ISSN 1754-2413], (Enero 2024)
Appears in Collections:Artículos
Adobe PDF (1,17 MB)
Show full item record

Google ScholarTM




Export metadata

Items in accedaCRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.