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Title: Treatment of domestic effluents using sustainable biofilter methods
Authors: Muguirrima Vasco Mariano, Paulino 
Chirinza Rafael Penicela, Nicolau 
León Zerpa, Federico Antonio 
Mendieta Pino, Carlos Alberto 
UNESCO Clasification: 3308 Ingeniería y tecnología del medio ambiente
330810 Tecnología de aguas residuales
Keywords: Anaerobic Reactors
Effluent Treatment
Odorous Emissions
Issue Date: 2024
Journal: Desalination and Water Treatment 
Abstract: The discharge of effluents is a permanent environmental and sanitation concern. Efficient water management must include water treatment and reuse. It is therefore necessary to study treatment systems to improve their performance throughout the entire chain, from drinking water to wastewater or, more specifically, waste effluent. Currently, technologies using bio-filtration processes have proven to be an effective and low-cost method for treating industrial effluents and domestic sewage. In this study, a low-cost domestic sewage treatment system made up of biofilters and pipes was built on a bench model as a means of teaching practical classes, and its efficiency was also studied. The results showed that the equipment can be made from recyclable material and is low-cost, easy to detail technically and easy to handle and operate. The students involved can easily replicate the technology in their communities, thus spreading low-cost sanitation treatment technologies to low-income populations without access to conventional sanitation systems. The parameters pH, turbidity, chlorination, temperature, and electrical conductivity were all at acceptable levels for discharge into receiving bodies and domestic use.
ISSN: 1944-3994
DOI: 10.1016/j.dwt.2024.100266
Source: Desalination and Water Treatment [ISSN 1944-3994], v. 317, (Enero 2024)
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