Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/129782
Title: Metaphylactic strategies using toltrazuril against coccidiosis in goat kids
Authors: Guedes Santana, Aranzazu Del Carmen 
Conde De Felipe, Magnolia María 
Barba Sánchez, Emilio 
Molina Caballero, José Manuel 
Muñoz Ojeda, María Del Carmen 
Ferrer Quintana, Otilia Rosa 
Martín Martel, Sergio 
Hermosilla, Carlos
Taubert, Anja
Ruiz Reyes, Antonio 
UNESCO Clasification: 3109 Ciencias veterinarias
310907 Patología
Keywords: Eimeria infections
Control
Triazines
Majorera goat
Issue Date: 2024
Journal: Veterinary Parasitology 
Abstract: Goat coccidiosis compromises animal welfare, reduces productivity and may cause mortality and delayed growth rates in goat kids around the weaning period worldwide. This field study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of metaphylactic treatments with two doses of toltrazuril (20 or 40 mg/kg body weight – BW, p. o.), at different timing, in kids naturally infected with Eimeria spp. A total of 97 healthy goat kids (Majorera milk aptitude breed) were divided into five groups, depending on the age of treatment (2 or 7 weeks). One group remained untreated as a negative control until the end of the study. Faecal oocyst shedding, faecal consistency, and body weight of the animals were monitored at day 0 and at weekly intervals. Counts of oocysts per gram of faeces (OPG) were determined by a modified McMaster technique. Morphometric identification of Eimeria species was carried out on individual faecal samples from each experimental group after oocyst sporulation. Goat kids treated at two weeks of age maintained OPG values close to zero during the 5 weeks post-treatment and, overall, had lower faecal oocyst counts than untreated control animals. No significant differences were observed between the two doses of toltrazuril used in two-week-old treated animals. By contrast, when treatment was carried out at seven weeks of age, the dose of 40 mg/kg BW of toltrazuril reduced oocyst levels for longer and to a greater extent than the 20 mg/kg dose. Irrespectively of the treatment and dose, toltrazuril delayed the appearance of pathogenic Eimeria species, i. e. Eimeria ninakohlyakimovae and Eimeria arloingi. As a whole, Eimeria christenseni, with a rather moderate pathogenicity, was highly predominant throughout the study period, including the untreated control group, which was probably the reason why clinical signs of coccidiosis were barely observed throughout the experiment. Under these circumstances, the positive effect of toltrazuril on body weight condition observed in some treated groups was difficult to correlate to the timing and doses. Metaphylactic treatments with 20 mg/kg BW toltrazuril given at two weeks of age are sufficient to control oocyst excretion in goat kids; whereas if administered later in 7-week-old animals, thereby coinciding with the frequently observed peak of oocyst elimination in goat kids under field conditions, a higher dose might be advisable to prevent environmental contamination with infectious oocysts.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/129782
ISSN: 0304-4017
DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2024.110133
Source: Veterinary Parasitology [ISSN 0304-4017], n. 327, 110133, (Enero 2024)
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