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Title: What do we know and what should we know about the imbalances of doctors in Spain?: Diagnosis and proposals. SESPAS Report 2024
Other Titles: ¿Qué sabemos y qué deberíamos saber sobre los desequilibrios de médicos en España?: Diagnóstico y propuestas. Informe SESPAS 2024
Authors: González Lopez-Valcarcel, Beatriz 
Barber Pérez, Patricia Lucía 
UNESCO Clasification: 531207 Sanidad
Keywords: Health Workforce
Physician Incentive Plans
Planning Techniques
Issue Date: 2024
Journal: Gaceta Sanitaria 
Abstract: This article characterizes the main features of the supply, demand, and labor markets for physicians in Spain, with an international and territorial perspective. It also presents some of the results of the simulation model for specialist physicians with a 2035 horizon and proposes strategic and short-term lines of action in the planning, regulation, and management of health professionals in Spain, with a focus on specialist physicians. In Spain there are high rates of physicians and medical graduates, but low rates of nurses, compared to other developed countries. Approximately 30% of practicing physicians (not considering residents) practice only in the private network. In the last two decades, competition from the private sector for health professionals has intensified, competing with the public network, which is subject to an excessively rigid regulatory framework. There is currently a shortage of physicians in some specialties, particularly in family medicine, which urgently needs specific incentives to stimulate vocations. Numbers consider only part of the story. The imbalances in the educational and labor markets are not resolved by creating vacancies, but by reforming the regulatory framework, the incentive systems, and the slack in public management to compete with the private sector in attracting and retaining talent.
ISSN: 0213-9111
DOI: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2024.102366
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria[ISSN 0213-9111], (Enero 2024)
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