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Title: Anatomical and Three-Dimensional Study of the Female Feline Abdominal and Pelvic Vascular System Using Dissections, Computed Tomography Angiography and Magnetic Resonance Angiography
Authors: Rojo Ríos, Daniel
Ramírez Zarzosa, Gregorio
Soler Laguía, Marta
Kilroy, David
Martínez Gomariz, Francisco
Sánchez Collado, Cayetano
Gil Cano, Francisco 
García García, María I.
Ayala Florenciano, María Dolores
Arencibia Espinosa, Alberto 
UNESCO Clasification: 310901 Anatomía
221118 Resonancia magnética
Keywords: computed tomography angiography
volume rendering
3D printing
magnetic resonance angiography
TOF, et al
Issue Date: 2023
Journal: Veterinary Sciences 
Abstract: This study describes the anatomical characteristics of the abdominal and pelvic vascular system of two healthy mature female cats via three-dimensional contrast enhanced computed tomography angiography, non-contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography and three-dimensional printing. Volume-rendering computed tomography angiography images were acquired from the ventral aspect using RadiAnt, Amira and OsiriX MD Dicom three-dimensional formats, and threedimensional printing was obtained and compared with the corresponding computed tomography angiography images. Non-contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography was made using the time-of-flight imaging in ventral, oblique and lateral views. In addition, three cadavers with colored latex injection were dissected to facilitate the identification of the vascular structures. Threedimensional computed tomography angiography showed the main vascular structures, whereas with the time-of-flight blood appeared with a high signal intensity compared with associated abdominal and pelvic tissues. Three-dimensional computed tomography angiography images and time-of-flight sequences provided adequate anatomical details of the main arteries and veins that could be used for future feline anatomical and clinical vascular studies of the abdomen and pelvis.
ISSN: 2306-7381
DOI: 10.3390/vetsci10120704
Source: Veterinary Sciences[ISSN2306-7381], v.10, n.12
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