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Title: The earliest basketry in southern Europe: Hunter-gatherer and farmer plant-based technology in Cueva de los Murciélagos (Albuñol)
Authors: Martínez-Sevilla, F
Herrero-Otal, M
Martín-Seijo, M
Santana Cabrera, Jonathan Alberto 
Rodríguez, JAL
Ramos, RM
Cubas, M
Homs, A
Sánchez, RMM
Bertin, I
Bermejo, R
Ramírez, PB
Behrmann, RD
Pérez, AP
Alvarez-Valero, AM
Peña-Chocarro, L
Murillo-Barroso, M
Fernández-Domínguez, E
García, MA
Martínez, RP
Cela, MI
Rus, JLC
Giner, CA
Huerta, RP
UNESCO Clasification: 550501 Arqueología
550405 Prehistoria
Issue Date: 2023
Journal: Science advances 
Abstract: Plant material culture can offer unique insights into the ways of life of prehistoric societies; however, its perishable nature has prevented a thorough understanding of its diverse and complex uses. Sites with exceptional preservation of organic materials provide a unique opportunity for further research. The burial site of Cueva de los Murciélagos in southern Iberia, uncovered during 19th-century mining activities, contained the best-preserved hunter-gatherer basketry in southern Europe, together with other unique organic artifacts associated with the first farming communities, such as sandals and a wooden hammer. We present 14 14C dates for the perishable artifacts (N = 76), situating the assemblage between the Early and Middle Holocene (c. 7500 to 4200 cal BCE). Our integrated analysis includes raw material determination and technological and chrono-cultural contextualization of this unique and important set of materials.
ISSN: 2375-2548
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.adi3055
Source: Science Advances [2375-2548], vol.9 nº 39, eadi3055
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