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Title: Water-Energy-Environment Nexus Analysis Tools: Case Study for Canary Islands
Authors: Borge Diez, David
García-Moya, Francisco José
Rosales Asensio, Enrique 
UNESCO Clasification: 3308 Ingeniería y tecnología del medio ambiente
Keywords: Water-Energy-Environment nexus
Analysis tool
Renewable energy
Greenhouse gases
Sustainable development goals
Issue Date: 2023
Journal: Processes 
Abstract: Despite that previous research exists, there is a need for further research on the quantitative aspects of this Nexus. Existing Water-Energy-Environment Nexus management tools and frameworks are based on indicators aiming to model the whole system, analyze the involved resources, and test potential management strategies. The environmental, social, and economic consequences of actions already taken and ongoing projects require important focus because of the strong relationship between water and energy supply, and that both are key issues for society’s development and sustainability. The present research focuses on the indicators that the Water-Energy-Environment Nexus tools and frameworks use to analyze the whole problem. Existing tools often require large amounts of data, becoming a time-consuming process that lowers the capacity to evaluate the political problems of high pollutants. With the aim of accelerating time evaluation, this research builds an indicator to rapidly evaluate the Water-Energy-Environment Nexus implications of replacing fossil-based power generation systems with wind and photovoltaic renewable energy systems in the water-scarce region of the Canary Islands. This indicator allowed the rapid evaluation of storylines in a small system with well-defined boundaries. Results show that the water sustainability index improved by 6.2% in comparison to fossil-based plants, while reducing 2750 tons of CO2 . Although this methodology can be easily applied in different scenarios and locations, it further development to evaluate system boundaries and to provide extensive results.
ISSN: 2227-9717
Source: Processes [ISSN 2227-9717] v. 11(9), 2753, 2023.
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