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Title: Creation of Three-Dimensional Anatomical Vascular and Biliary Models for the Study of the Feline Liver (Felis silvestris catus L.): A Comparative CT, Volume Rendering (Vr), Cast and 3D Printing Study
Authors: Rojo Ríos, Daniel
Ramírez Zarzosa, Gregorio
Soler Laguía, Marta
Kilroy, David
Martínez Gomariz, Francisco
Sánchez Collado, Cayetano
Gil Cano, Francisco 
García García, María I.
Jáber Mohamad, José Raduán 
Arencibia Espinosa, Alberto 
UNESCO Clasification: 310901 Anatomía
Keywords: CTA
Liver vascular anatomy
Volume rendering
3D printing
Issue Date: 2023
Journal: Animals 
Abstract: In this study, six adult feline cadavers were examined using CTA, 3D printing, and casts injected with epoxy. The aorta, the portal vein, and the gallbladder of 3 feline cadavers were separately injected with a 50% mixture of colored vulcanized latex and hydrated barium sulfate as contrast medium to analyze by CT the arterial, venous and biliary systems. The other three cadavers were injected with a mixture of epoxy resin in the aorta, gallbladder and hepatic veins, separately. After the corrosion and washing process, hepatic vascular and biliary casts were obtained. The images obtained by CT showed the vascular and biliary system using a soft tissue window. For the identification of vascular and biliary structures, the 3D prints together with the 3D reconstructions were analyzed, and the results were compared with the casts obtained with epoxy resin. Each of the arterial, venous and biliary branches associated with each of the liver lobes were identified with the help of the printings. In conclusion, the creation of 3D prototypes of nonpathological feline hepatic parenchyma can be used in the veterinary clinic as a basis for the detection of pathological problems in addition to obtaining future pathological hepatic 3D models.
ISSN: 2076-2615
DOI: 10.3390/ani13101573
Source: Animals [EISSN 2076-2615], v. 13 (10), 1573, (Mayo 2023)
Appears in Collections:Artículos
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