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Title: Haematological and biochemical blood reference values for Canary Island camels (Camelus dromedarius), an endangered dromedary species
Authors: Martín Barrasa, José Luis 
Tejedor Junco, María Teresa 
Cabrera, Soraya
Morales Doreste, Manuel Francisco 
Melián Henríquez, Adrián 
Corbera Sánchez, Juan Alberto 
UNESCO Clasification: 310904 Medicina interna
Issue Date: 2023
Journal: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to develop reference values for haematological and biochemical vari- ables in the Canary camel breed (Camelus dromedarius). 114 clinically healthy dromedary camels were assessed. Age, sex, and pregnancy status was also recorded. The reference range for red blood cells (RBCs) was 8.45 – 13.65 X10 6/lL, haemoglobin (HGB) was 10.61 – 15.29 g/dL, packed cell volume (PCV) was 19.93 – 32.51 %, and white blood cells (WBCs) 7.35 – 18.36 X10 3/lL. A correlation was estab- lished between the haemoglobin concentration (HGB) (g/dl) and packed cell volume (PCV) obtaining a linear regression (HGB = 0.31 PCV + 4.67). Young animals had higher RBC and WBC values than adult ani- mals. Additionally, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), phosphorus, calcium, albumin/globulin (A/G) ratio, alka- line phosphatase, cholesterol, and lipase were higher in young animals compared with adults. Female dromedary camels showed higher values for the three main variables: RBC, HGB and PCV, but no differ- ences between sexes were detected in the biochemical variables results. The WBC count was higher in non-pregnant females than in pregnant animals. These results provide references values for the Canary camel breed and may contribute to the understanding of differences in 18 haematological and biochem- ical parameters in dromedary camels with a potential impact in health and welfare for this species. Ó 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Saud University.
ISSN: 1319-562X
DOI: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2023.103677
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences [ISSN 1319-562X], v.30, 2023
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