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Title: Identification of phenolic compounds exuded by Emiliania huxleyi under acidification conditions
Authors: Cunill Saez, Anna
Santiago Díaz, Paula 
Samperio-Ramos, G.
Rico Santos, Milagros 
Rivero Rosales, Argimiro 
Santana Casiano, Magdalena 
UNESCO Clasification: 251002 Oceanografía química
251001 Oceanografía biológica
230305 Carbono
Keywords: Seawater
Emiliania huxleyi exudate
Phenolic compounds
Reducing power
Solid phase extraction, et al
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Servicio de Publicaciones y Difusión Científica de la Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC) 
Project: Efecto de la Acidificacion Oceanica, la Temperaturay El Contenido de Materia Organica en la Persistencia de Fe(Ii) en El Oceano Atlantico 
Conference: VIII International Symposium on Marine Sciences (ISMS 2022) 
Abstract: Extracellular phenolic compounds released by Emiliania huxleyi cultured under four different pH (8.25, 8.1; 7.9 and 7.75) were identified (Samperio-Ramos et al., 2017). Therefore, samples of seawater enriched with exudates (700 mL) were passed through cartridges Chromabon Easy (Macherey-Nagel, 500 mg). The retained analytes were eluted with MeOH (5 mL), which was evaporated to dryness, and dissolved in MeOH (300 μL) (Rico et al., 2013). Chromatographic analysis was performed with a Jasco LC-4000 HPLC, a Varian C18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm), and eluents Milli-Q water with 0.1% formic acid (A) and methanol (B). The elution conditions were: 0–5 min, 80% A isocratic; 5–30 min, linear gradient from 80% to 40% A. Simultaneous monitoring for quantification was set at 270 nm (gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, catechin, vanillic acid, rutin, epicatechin, and syringic acid) and 324 nm (gentisic acid, coumaric acid, and ferulic acid) (Santiago-Díaz et al., 2021). Gallic, protocatechuic, vanillic and syringic acids were detected over the limits of quantification. Syringic acid was identified in all samples and vanillic acid was only detected in cells cultured at pH 8.25 and 8.1. Protocatechuic acid was the most abundant compound at pH 7.75 and 8.25 (6.75 and 4.65 μg mL-1 respectively), and syringic acid at pH 8.1 and 7.9 (2.08 and 1.85 μg mL-1 respectively). The total content of these four compounds was higher at pH 7.75, followed by pH 8.25, 8.1 and 7.9 (8.73, 8.09, 3.15 and 2.99 μg mL-1 respectively). The highest productivity per cell was attained at pH 7.75, followed by pH 8.25 (1.43×10-8 and 1.22×10-8 μg cell-1 respectively). The exudates reducing power, expressed as neutralization percentage of 1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl radical (Bondet et al., 1997), were 18.2, 18.7, 23.2, and 40.2% at pH 7.75, 8.25, 8.10, and 7.9 respectively. Acidification conditions affect the amount, composition and antioxidant activity of Emiliania huxleyi exudate.
ISBN: 978-84-9042-477-3
Source: Abstracts Volume VIII International Symposium on Marine Sciences, July 2022 / coordinación, María Esther Torres Padrón, p. 347-348
Appears in Collections:Póster de congreso
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