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Title: Microstructure and Mechanical Characteristics of Ti-Ta Alloys before and after NaOH Treatment and Their Behavior in Simulated Body Fluid
Authors: Hulka, Iosif 
Mirza Rosca, Julia Claudia 
Buzdugan, Dragos
Saceleanu, Adriana
UNESCO Clasification: 3313 Tecnología e ingeniería mecánicas
Keywords: Alkali Treatment
Mechanical Properties
Titanium-Tantalum Alloys
Issue Date: 2023
Project: Microscopio Electronico Multifuncional 
Journal: Materials 
Abstract: In the present study, the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti-xTa (x = 5%, 15%, and 25% wt. Ta) alloys produced by using an induced furnace by the cold crucible levitation fusion technique were investigated and compared. The microstructure was examined by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The alloys present a microstructure characterized by the α′ lamellar structure in a matrix of the transformed β phase. From the bulk materials, the samples for the tensile tests were prepared and based on the results and the elastic modulus was calculated by deducting the lowest values for the Ti-25Ta alloy. Moreover, a surface alkali treatment functionalization was performed using 10 M NaOH. The microstructure of the new developed films on the surface of the Ti-xTa alloys was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and the chemical analysis revealed the formation of sodium titanate and sodium tantanate along with titanium and tantalum oxides. Using low loads, the Vickers hardness test revealed increased hardness values for the alkali-treated samples. After exposure to simulated body fluid, phosphorus and calcium were identified on the surface of the new developed film, indicating the development of apatite. The corrosion resistance was evaluated by open cell potential measurements in simulated body fluid before and after NaOH treatment. The tests were performed at 22 °C as well as at 40 °C, simulating fever. The results show that the Ta content has a detrimental effect on the investigated alloys’ microstructure, hardness, elastic modulus, and corrosion behavior.
ISSN: 1996-1944
DOI: 10.3390/ma16051943
Source: Materials [EISSN 1996-1944], v. 16 (5), 1943, (Marzo 2023)
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