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Title: Flint 'figurines' from the Early Neolithic site of Kharaysin, Jordan
Authors: Ibañez Estevez,Juan José 
Muñiz, Juan R.
Huet, Thomas
Santana Cabrera, Jonathan Alberto 
Teira, Luis C.
Borrell, Ferran
Rosillo, Rafael
Iriarte, Eneko
UNESCO Clasification: 550405 Prehistoria
550501 Arqueología
Keywords: Pre-Pottery Neolithic
Near East
Figurines, et al
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Antiquity 
Abstract: During the Early Neolithic in the Near East, particularly from the mid ninth millennium cal BC onwards, human iconography became more widespread. Explanations for this development, however, remain elusive. This article presents a unique assemblage of flint artefacts from the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (eighth millennium BC) site of Kharaysin in Jordan. Contextual, morphological, statistical and use-wear analyses of these artefacts suggest that they are not tools but rather human figurines. Their close association with burial contexts suggests that they were manufactured and discarded during mortuary rituals and remembrance ceremonies that included the extraction, manipulation and redeposition of human remains.
ISSN: 0003-598X
DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2020.78
Source: Antiquity [0003-598X], Vol. 94 (376), p. 880–899 (2020)
Appears in Collections:Artículos
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