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Title: A New control algorithm to increase the stability of wind-hydro power plants in insolated systems. El Hierro as a case study
Authors: Marrero Quevedo, Agustin 
González Hernández, Jaime 
Carta González, José Antonio 
Cabrera Santana, Pedro 
UNESCO Clasification: 332205 Fuentes no convencionales de energía
120601 Construcción de algoritmos
Keywords: Isolated systems
Pumped energy storage
Hydro-turbine control
Quality of electrical energy
Wind power
Issue Date: 2023
Project: Adaptación al Cambio cLImático de los sistemas Energéticos de la MACaronesia 
Journal: Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 
Abstract: The present paper proposes the implementation of a new algorithm for the control of the speed regulators of Pelton wheel turbines, used in many of the pumped hydroelectric energy storage systems that operate in isolated electrical systems with high renewable energy participation. This algorithm differs substantially from the standard developments which use PID or PI governors in that, in addition to acting on the nozzle needles and deflectors, it incorporates a new inner-loop pressure stabilization circuit to improve frequency regulation and dampen the effects of the pressure waves that are generated when regulating needle position. The proposed algorithm has been implemented in the Gorona del Viento wind–hydro power plant, an installation which supplies the primary energy needs of the island of El Hierro (Canary Islands, Spain). Although, as well as its wind and hydro generation systems, the plant also has a diesel engine based generation system, the validation of the results of the study presented here focuses on situations in which frequency control is provided exclusively by the hydroelectric plant. It is shown that implementation of the roposed algorithm, which replaces the previous control system based on a classical PI overnor, is able to damp the pressure wave that originates in the long penstock of the plant in the face of variations in non-dispatchable renewable generation, a situation which ccurred with a high degree of relative frequency in the case study. The damper has enabled a substantial reduction in the cumulative time and the number of times that frequency exceeded different safety margins. Damper incorporation also reduced the number of under-frequency pump unit load shedding events by 93%.
ISSN: 2077-1312
DOI: 10.3390/jmse11020335
Source: Journal of Marine Science and Engineering [ISSN 2077-1312], v. 11 (2), 335, (2023)
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