Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Associations Between the Modified Food Standard Agency Nutrient Profiling System Dietary Index and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in an Elderly Population
Authors: Khoury, Nadine
Gómez-Donoso, Clara
Martínez, María Ángeles
Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel
Corella, Dolores
Fitó, Montserrat
Martínez, J. Alfredo
Alonso-Gómez, Ángel M.
Wärnberg, Julia
Vioque, Jesús
Romaguera, Dora
León-Acuña, Ana
Tinahones, Francisco J.
Santos-Lozano, José M.
Serra Majem, Luis 
Massó Guijarro, Paloma
Tur, Josep A.
Martín Sánchez, Vicente
Pintó, Xavier
Delgado-Rodríguez, Miguel
Matía-Martín, Pilar
Vidal, Josep
Vázquez, Clotilde
Daimiel, Lidia
Ros, Emili
Bes-Rastrollo, Maira
Barragan, Rocio
Castañer, Olga
Torres-Peña, Jose D.
Notario-Barandiaran, Leyre
Muñoz-Bravo, Carlos
Abete, Itziar
Prohens, Lara
Cano-Ibáñez, Naomi
Tojal Sierra, Lucas
Fernández-García, José Carlos
Sayon-Orea, Carmen
Pascual, Maria
Sorli, Jose V.
Zomeño, Dolores
Peña-Orihuela, Patricia J.
Signes-Pastor, Antonio J.
Basterra-Gortari, F. Javier
Schröeder, Helmut
Salas Salvadó, Jordi
Babio, Nancy
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: Body Weight
Cardiovascular Risk Factor
Front Of Pack Food Labeling
Fsam-Nps Dietary Index
Predimed-Plus Study
Issue Date: 2022
Project: Efecto de la dieta mediterránea hopocalórica y promoción de la actividad física en prevención primaria cardiovascular.Estudio piloto sobre marcadores intermedios. 
Efecto de Una Pérdida de Peso Con Dieta Mediterránea Hipocalóricay Promoción de la Actividad Física en la Prevención Primaria Cardiovascular 
Efecto de una intervención intensiva de pérdida de peso con dieta Mediterránea hipocalórica, actividad física y tratamiento conductual sobre la prevención primaria cardiovascular: ensayo PREDIMED-Plus 
Journal: Frontiers In Nutrition 
Abstract: Background: Helping consumers to improve the nutritional quality of their diet is a key public health action to prevent cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The modified version of the Food Standard Agency Nutrient Profiling System Dietary Index (FSAm-NPS DI) underpinning the Nutri-Score front-of-pack label has been used in public health strategies to address the deleterious consequences of poor diets. This study aimed to assess the association between the FSAm-NPS DI and some CVD risk factors including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, plasma glucose levels, triglyceride levels, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and diastolic and systolic blood pressure. Materials and Methods: Dietary intake was assessed at baseline and after 1 year of follow-up using a 143-item validated semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Dietary indices based on FSAm-NPS applied at an individual level were computed to characterize the diet quality of 5,921 participants aged 55–75 years with overweight/obesity and metabolic syndrome from the PREDIMED-plus cohort. Associations between the FSAm-NPS DI and CVD risk factors were assessed using linear regression models. Results: Compared to participants with a higher nutritional quality of diet (measured by a lower FSAm-NPS DI at baseline or a decrease in FSAm-NPS DI after 1 year), those participants with a lower nutritional quality of diet (higher FSAm-NPS DI or an increase in score) showed a significant increase in the levels of plasma glucose, triglycerides, diastolic blood pressure, BMI, and waist circumference (β coefficient [95% confidence interval]; P for trend) (1.67 [0.43, 2.90]; <0.001; 6.27 [2.46, 10.09]; <0.001; 0.56 [0.08, 1.05]; 0.001; 0.51 [0.41, 0.60]; <0.001; 1.19 [0.89, 1.50]; <0.001, respectively). No significant associations in relation to changes in HDL and LDL-cholesterol nor with systolic blood pressure were shown. Conclusion: This prospective cohort study suggests that the consumption of food items with a higher FSAm-NPS DI is associated with increased levels of several major risk factors for CVD including adiposity, fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides, and diastolic blood pressure. However, results must be cautiously interpreted because no significant prospective associations were identified for critical CVD risk factors, such as HDL and LDL-cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure.
ISSN: 2296-861X
DOI: 10.3389/fnut.2022.897089
Source: Frontiers in Nutrition[EISSN 2296-861X],v. 9, (Julio 2022)
Appears in Collections:Artículos
Show full item record

Google ScholarTM




Export metadata

Items in accedaCRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.