|Title:||Why cyberloafing can be socially learned in the workplace: the role of employees' perceived certainty of formal and informal sanctions||Authors:||Wu, Jinnan
Zoghbi Manrique Lara, Pablo
|UNESCO Clasification:||531104 Organización de recursos humanos||Keywords:||Moderating Role
Neutralization, et al
|Issue Date:||2022||Journal:||Information Technology and People||Abstract:||Purpose this study investigated why employees' cyberloafing behavior is affected by their coworkers' cyberloafing behavior. By integrating social learning theory and deterrence theory, the authors developed a model to explain the role of employees' perceived certainty of formal and informal sanctions in understanding the effect of coworkers' cyberloafing behavior on employees' cyberloafing behavior. Design/methodology/approach The authors conducted a survey that involved a two-stage data collection process (including 293 respondents) to test our developed model. Mplus 7.0 was used to analyze the data. Findings The results revealed that employees' cyberloafing was positively affected by their coworkers' cyberloafing both directly and indirectly. The indirect effect of coworkers' cyberloafing on employees' cyberloafing was mediated by the employees' perceived certainty of formal and informal sanctions on cyberloafing. Employees' perceived certainty of formal and informal sanctions were found to mediate the relationship both separately (each type of sanctions mediates the relationship individually) and in combination (the two types of sanctions form a serial mediation effect). Originality/value The study reveals an important mechanism - employees' perceived certainty of formal and informal sanctions - that underlies the relationship between coworkers' cyberloafing and employees' cyberloafing, thus, contributing to the cyberloafing literature. It also demonstrates the importance of negative reinforcement (perceived sanctions) in the social learning process, which contributes to the literature on social learning theory because previous studies have primarily focused on the role of positive reinforcement. Lastly, the study reveals a positive relationship between employees' perceived certainty of formal sanctions and informal sanctions, which has important implications for deterrence theory.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/117381||ISSN:||0959-3845||DOI:||10.1108/ITP-06-2021-0464||Source:||Information Technology and People [ISSN 0959-3845], (2022)|
|Appears in Collections:||Artículos|
Items in accedaCRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.