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Title: Methodologies for the extraction of phenolic compounds from environmental samples: new Approaches
Authors: Mahugo Santana, Cristina
Ferrera, Zoraida Sosa 
Padrón, M. Esther Torres 
Rodríguez, José Juan Santana 
Keywords: Fenol
Medios micelares
Issue Date: 2009
Project: Acoplamiento de la Microextracción en Fase Sólida y la Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Resolución Con la Utilización de Medios Micelares Como Extractantes: Desarrollo de Nuevos Métodos Analíticos 
Estudio y Control Analítico de la Presencia de Diferentes Grupos de Contaminantes Orgánicos en Puertos Deportivos y Pesqueros de la Isla de Gran Canaria 
Journal: Molecules 
Abstract: Phenolic derivatives are among the most important contaminants present in the environment. These compounds are used in several industrial processes to manufacture chemicals such as pesticides, explosives, drugs and dyes. They also are used in the bleaching process of paper manufacturing. Apart from these sources, phenolic compounds have substantial applications in agriculture as herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.\nHowever, phenolic compounds are not only generated by human activity, but they are also formed naturally, e.g., during the decomposition of leaves or wood. As a result of these applications, they are found in soils and sediments and this often leads to wastewater and ground water contamination. Owing to their high toxicity and persistence in the environment, both, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the European Union have included some of them in their lists of priority pollutants.Current standard methods of phenolic compounds analysis in water samples are based on liquid–liquid extraction (LLE) while Soxhlet extraction is the most used technique for isolating phenols from solid matrices.
ISSN: 1420-3049
DOI: 10.3390/molecules14010298
Source: Molecules,v. 14, p. 298-320
Appears in Collections:Reseña
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