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Title: Predicting students' basic psychological need profiles through motivational appeals: Relations with grit and well-being
Authors: Santana Monagas, Elisa 
Núñez Alonso, Juan Luis 
UNESCO Clasification: 710203 Motivación
580302 Preparación de profesores
610204 Psicología escolar
Keywords: Motivational appeals
Latent profile analysis
Need satisfaction
Need frustration
Self-determination theory
Issue Date: 2022
Project: Modificar El Estilo Comunicativo Del Profesor Para Mejorar El Rendimiento Académico de Los Estudiantes 
Journal: Learning and Individual Differences 
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to examine the predictive relation between teachers' motivational appeals (i.e., messages that appeal to a certain kind of motivation) and students' basic psychological need profiles and how the different profiles relate with students' well-being and grit. A total of 655 secondary students participated in the study. To determine the number of profiles a person-centered approach was followed. Results of the latent profile analysis revealed four profiles regarding student's need experiences: thwarted, fulfilled, low fulfilment and neutral profiles. Students whose teacher relied on autonomous motivational appeals were more likely to belong to the most adaptive profile (i.e., fulfilled), whereas students whose teacher relied on amotivational appeals were more likely to belong to the most non-adaptive profile (i.e., thwarted). Moreover, students belonging to the adaptive profiles reported higher levels of well-being and grit. The present findings highlight a resource for teachers to satisfy students' needs, well-being, and grit.
ISSN: 1041-6080
DOI: 10.1016/j.lindif.2022.102162
Source: Learning and Individual Differences [ISSN 1041-6080], v. 97, 102162, (Julio 2022)
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