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Title: Environmental valuation of in-port shipping emissions per shipping sector on four Spanish ports
Authors: Spengler, Thomas Alexander 
Tovar De La Fe, Beatriz Erasmi 
UNESCO Clasification: 531212 Transportes y comunicaciones
Keywords: Environmental costs
Emissions from berthed ships
Air quality
Port city
Cold ironing
Issue Date: 2022
Project: Masterplan For Ops In Spanish Ports 
Journal: Marine Pollution Bulletin 
Abstract: © 2022This work provides an insight into the external costs associated with ships which had been berthed in four Spanish ports before COVID-19 was on the agenda. Firstly, on a port-by-port level and by individual vessel types, as this can also provide valuable insights. The economic valuation is based on the combination of the significant bottom-up European studies which follow the impact pathway approach (IPA) to calculating costs from transport air emissions. Our results showed higher total external costs for Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (€74.4 m), followed by Tenerife (€20 m), Palma de Mallorca (€19.5 m) and Pasaia (€1.5 m). The external costs by shipping subsectors give more insights into the relationships between ship types and external costs. This has been done to correctly assign the responsibilities among the different shipping sectors inside a port and to better understand the potential benefits of implementing abatement technologies, such as cold ironing. Potential benefits from cold ironing were found to differ hugely among the different ports analysed.
ISSN: 0025-326X
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113589
Source: Marine Pollution Bulletin[ISSN 0025-326X],v. 178, (Mayo 2022)
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