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Title: Contagious agalactia: costs and control revisited
Authors: Loria, GR
Puleio, R
Filioussis, G
Rosales Santana, Rubén Sebastián 
Nicholas, RAJ
UNESCO Clasification: 3104 Producción Animal
310404 Cuidado y Explotación
Keywords: Contagious agalactia
Mycoplasma agalactiae
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: OIE Revue Scientifique et Technique 
Abstract: The economic costs of contagious agalactia (CA) to the small ruminant dairy industry are not well known but include losses due to mortality, lowered milk production, spoiled products, abortions and animal welfare problems, as well as diagnosis and treatment. This paper reports financial estimates made in southern Europe, including a study on small- and large-scale farming systems in Italy, indicating that the financial losses are high and underestimated. Furthermore, the current control strategies, including chemotherapy and vaccination, in selected countries in Europe are described. In some countries, disease control is hampered by excessively strict veterinary legislation which discourages farmers and private veterinarians from notifying outbreaks because it leads to the prohibition of milk sales and can result in delays in lifting restrictions. In addition, new European Union legislation may downgrade the importance of CA, which will have implications for international research efforts. Finally, a series of recommendations are provided that cover the proper notification and handling of CA outbreaks, including movement control, current diagnostics, treatment, vaccination and disinfection.
ISSN: 0253-1933
DOI: 10.20506/rst.38.3.3018
Source: Revue scientifique et technique - Office international des épizooties [0253-1933], v. 38(3)
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