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Title: Q fever epidemiology in domestic small ruminants
Authors: Tejedor Junco, María Teresa 
González Martín, Margarita Rosa 
Corbera Sánchez, Juan Alberto 
Gutiérrez Cabrera, Carlos Javier 
UNESCO Clasification: 310905 Microbiología
310904 Medicina interna
Keywords: Epidemiology
Risk Factors, et al
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: The Encyclopedia Of Bacteriology Research Developments
Abstract: The small ruminants are considered as main reservoirs of Coxiella burnetii for humans and animals. Domestic sheep and goats have been implied in many human Q fever outbreaks. Thus, the knowledge of the epidemiological role of domestic small ruminants seems to be essential to control the disease in the flocks and to avoid dissemination of the bacterium. In those infected flocks the disease is mainly transmitted by close contact among animals, their secretions, the consumption of contaminated fodder, the inhalation of airborne particle, or by rats and tick bites. Molecular characterization of C. burnetii is allowing a better understanding of the relationships among the different elements involved in the Q fever epidemiology, in which small ruminants would play a fundamental role. The present chapter supposes an updated review regarding Q fever in domestic small rumiants, particularly in those epidemiological aspects that place these animals as a central key in the main human and animal outbreaks occurred until now.
ISBN: 9781536193169
Source: The Encyclopedia of Bacteriology Research Developments,v. 8, cap. 111, p 1849-1868
Appears in Collections:Capítulo de libro
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