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Title: Gender as moderator of the influence of tourists’ risk perception on destination image and visit intentions
Other Titles: El género como moderador en la influencia de la percepción de riesgo de los turistas en la imagen de destino y las intenciones de visita
Authors: Carballo Fuentes, Rita Rosa 
León González, Carmelo Javier 
Carballo Fuentes, Magdalena 
UNESCO Clasification: 531290 Economía sectorial: turismo
Keywords: Behaviour
Image, et al
Issue Date: 2021
Project: Desarrollo de Métidos de Valoración Económica de Políticas Públicas, Aplicaciones Al Cambio Climático y A Los Bienes Ambientales en El Turismo 
Sistema de observación meteorológica y oceánica como herramienta para el fomento de la resiliencia y adaptación al cambio climático en el espacio de cooperación 
Journal: Tourism Review 
Abstract: Purpose This paper aims to study the influence of gender on the theoretical and empirical relationships between tourists' risk perceptions and both destination image and behavioural intentions. Design/methodology/approach An empirical study was carried out with potential tourists at home in Germany and the UK considering travelling to Spain, Egypt, Morocco, Brazil, Colombia and Indonesia. Data were analysed using structural equation modelling with multi-group analysis. Findings Results show that gender moderates the theoretical relationships between risk perception and both destination image and behavioural intentions. Risk perception is higher for women than for men and depends on the type of risks and the characteristics of the destination. Women are more likely than men to reduce their visit to a destination whenever there is an increase in their risk perceptions. However, the influence of risk perception on destination image is higher for men than for women. Thus, results prove there are significant gender differences in the theoretical relationships between risk perceptions and destination image and visiting intentions. Originality/value This paper provides new evidence on the gender differences in risk perceptions in tourism and their impact on destination image and visiting intentions, showing that whenever there are higher risks at a tourist destination women do change more than men their behavioural intentions. The results are useful for designing risk management and promotion policies at destinations that avoid the masculinisation bias, thereby considering the impact of gender differences on travel behaviour and consumption decisions.
ISSN: 1660-5373
DOI: 10.1108/TR-02-2021-0079
Source: Tourism Review [ISSN 1660-5373], v. 77(3)
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