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Title: Epidemiology of animal poisonings in the Canary Islands (Spain) during the period 2014–2021
Authors: Rial-Berriel, Cristian 
Acosta Dacal, Andrea C. 
Zumbado, Manuel 
Henríquez-Hernández, Luis Alberto 
Rodríguez-Hernández, Ángel 
Macías-Montes, Ana
Boada, Luis D. 
Travieso-Aja, María del Mar
Martín Cruz, Beatriz 
Suárez-Pérez, Alejandro 
Cabrera-Pérez, Miguel Ángel
Luzardo, Octavio P. 
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3214 Toxicología
3109 Ciencias veterinarias
Keywords: Aldicarb
Anticoagulant Rodenticides
Banned Pesticides
GC-MS/MS, et al
Issue Date: 2021
Project: Envenenamiento de Fauna Silvestre en Canarias: Ampliación Del Alcance de la Metodología Analítica Para la Detección de Venenos y Actualización de Datos Epidemiológicos de la Incidencia de Daños Causados Por El Veneno en Canarias 
Journal: Toxics 
Abstract: Animal poisoning is one of the greatest conservation threats facing wildlife. In a preliminary study in the oceanic archipelago of the Canary Islands, we showed that the degree of threat from this circumstance was very high-even higher than that reported in other regions of continental Europe. Consequently, a legal framework for the effective prosecution of the crime of wildlife poisoning came into force in 2014 in this region. We present the results of the investigation of 961 animals and 84 baits sent to our laboratory for the diagnosis of animal poisonings during the period 2014–2021. We were able to identify poison as the cause of death in 251 animals and 61 baits. Carbofuran stands out as the main agent used in this archipelago. We have also detected an increasing tendency to use mixtures of several pesticides in the preparation of baits. The entry into operation of two canine patrols has led to the detection of more dead animals in the wild and a greater number of poisoned animals. The percentage of poison positives is significantly higher in areas with lower population density, corresponding to rural environments, as well as in areas with greater agricultural and livestock activity.
ISSN: 2305-6304
DOI: 10.3390/toxics9100267
Source: Toxics [EISSN 2305-6304], v. 9 (10), 267, (Octubre 2021)
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