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Title: Can long-term beach erosion be solved with soft management measures? Case study of the protected Jandía beaches
Authors: Marrero Rodríguez, Néstor 
Casamayor Font, Mariona 
Sánchez García, María José 
Alonso Bilbao, Ignacio 
UNESCO Clasification: 251010 Procesos litorales o sublitorales
250618 Sedimentología
Keywords: Coastal management
Arid aeolian sedimentary system
Beach erosion
Beach nourishment
Passive management
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: Ocean and Coastal Management 
Abstract: Land uses have long modified aeolian sedimentary dynamics as has occurred in the Jandía isthmus (Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, Spain), where changes in vegetation cover, the reduction of sediment available for transport and the building of barriers to sediment transport have induced beach erosion. In the last 62 years the beach area has experienced a reduction of 800,000 m2. The aim of this paper is to analyse the current situation (in terms of sediment availability, longshore drift and the distribution of protected plant species) in order to make soft management proposals to respond to the current erosive situation. Based on a methodology that combines field work, coastline digitalization and longshore drift calculations, it is found that each year the system loses about 96,000 m3 of sediment which needs to be replaced in order to stop erosion. Four possible ways to manage the system are discussed: passive non-intervention management to allow the ecosystem to evolve and adapt to the new conditions; remobilization of the sedimentary deposits of the isthmus that feed the beaches; beach nourishment from other areas of the system or from outside the system, and; mechanical recirculation of the sands. The viability of each management system is analyzed, particularly with regard to long-term sustainability, as well as its compliance or otherwise with the protection measures that are in place. Paradoxically, the only measures that can alleviate the problem in the long term are incompatible with the current protective measures. In other words, the isthmus and the Sotavento beaches in Jandía are an example of an ecosystem in which the restrictions imposed as a result of its protected status, that do not take into account the tendences of the ecosystem, in fact constitute an obstacle to its conservation and do not allow the adoption of measures that could slow down the degradation process and, ultimately, impede its disappearance.
ISSN: 0964-5691
DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2021.105946
Source: Ocean and Coastal Management [ISSN 0964-5691], v. 214, 105946, (Noviembre 2021)
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