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Title: Hydrogeophysical assessment of the critical zone below a golf course irrigated with reclaimed water close to volcanic caldera
Authors: Sendrós, Alex
Himi, Mahjoub
Estevez Navarro, Esmeralda 
Lovera, Raúl
Palacios-Díaz, María del Pino 
Tapias, Josefina C.
Cabrera, María del Carmen 
Pérez Torrado, Francisco José 
Casas, Albert
Keywords: Electrical Resistivity Tomography
Gran Canaria
Hydraulic Conductivity
Volcanic Aquifer
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: Water (Switzerland) 
Abstract: The geometry and the hydraulic properties of the unsaturated zone is often difficult to evaluate from traditional soil sampling techniques. Soil samples typically provide only data of the upper layers and boreholes are expensive and only provide spotted information. Non-destructive geophysical methods and among them, electrical resistivity tomography can be applied in complex geological environments such as volcanic areas, where lavas and unconsolidated pyroclastic deposits dominate. They have a wide variability of hydraulic properties due to textural characteristics and modification processes suh as compaction, fracturation and weathering. To characterize the subsurface geology below the golf course of Bandama (Gran Canaria) a detailed electrical resistivity tomography survey has been conducted. This technique allowed us to define the geometry of the geological formations because of their high electrical resistivity contrasts. Subsequently, undisturbed soil and pyroclastic deposits samples were taken in representative outcrops for quantifying the hydraulic conductivity in the laboratory where the parametric electrical resistivity was measured in the field. A statistical correlation between the two variables has been obtained and a 3D model transit time of water infiltration through the vadose zone has been built to assess the vulnerability of the aquifers located below the golf course irrigated with reclaimed water.
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w13172400
Source: Water (Switzerland) [EISSN 2073-4441], v. 13 (17), 2400, (Septiembre 2021)
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