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Title: Study of the ecological footprint and carbon footprint in a reverse osmosis sea water desalination plant
Authors: León Zerpa, Federico Antonio 
Ramos Martín, Alejandro 
Pérez Báez, Sebastián Ovidio 
UNESCO Clasification: 330806 Regeneración del agua
230331 Química del agua
Keywords: Carbon Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Reverse Osmosis
Issue Date: 2021
Project: Mitigación del cambio climático a través de la innovación en el ciclo del agua mediante tecnologías bajas en carbono 
Journal: Membranes 
Abstract: The water situation in the Canary Islands has been a historical problem that has been sought to be solved in various ways. After years of work, efforts have focused on desalination of seawater to provide safe water mainly to citizens, agriculture, and tourism. Due to the high demand in the Islands, the Canary Islands was a pioneering place in the world in desalination issues, allowing the improvement of the techniques and materials used. There are a wide variety of technologies for desalination water, but nowadays the most used is reverse osmosis. Desalination has a negative part, the energy costs of producing desalinated water are high. To this we add the peculiarities of the electricity generation system in the Canary Islands, which generates more emissions per unit of energy produced compared to the peninsular generation system. In this study we have selected a desalination plant located on the island of Tenerife, specifically in the municipality of Granadilla de Abona, and once its technical characteristics have been known, the ecological footprint has been calculated. To do this we have had to perform some calculations such as the capacity to fix carbon dioxide per hectare in the Canary Islands, as well as the total calculation of the emissions produced in the generation of energy to feed the desalination plant.
ISSN: 2077-0375
DOI: 10.3390/membranes11060377
Source: Membranes [EISSN 2077-0375], v. 11 (6), 377, (Enero 2021)
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