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Title: Challenges and conservation potential of shark-diving tourism in the Macaronesian archipelagos
Authors: Gonzáles-Mantilla, Pedro G. 
Gallagher, Austin J.
León, Carmelo J. 
Vianna, Gabriel M. S.
UNESCO Clasification: 531290 Economía sectorial: turismo
Keywords: Azores Islands
Canary Islands
Cape Verde
Shark Conservation
Shark Fisheries, et al
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: Marine Policy 
Abstract: Macaronesia is formed by some of most isolated oceanic islands of the Atlantic Ocean. This region is typically heavily exploited by fisheries; however, in recent years, marine wildlife tourism has become popular and a shark-diving industry has emerged, potentially presenting an alternative for the sustainable use of sharks. Combining a literature review with interviews with dive operators conducting shark encounters in the Macaronesian archipelagos, we provide an overview of the challenges and conservation potential of shark-diving tourism for these territories. Owing to the regular presence of important shark species for tourism and the growth of the scuba-diving industry, shark-diving has potential to expand over the region. Yet, the overlap between European industrial fishing pressure and shark populations, coupled with the unregulated recreational and artisanal fishing sector in the Canary Islands and Cape Verde, may jeopardize the sustainability of the shark-diving industry. However, the economic benefits for local communities directly and indirectly produced by shark-diving tourism suggest local benefits, fostering stronger shark conservation in Macaronesia.
ISSN: 0308-597X
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104632
Source: Marine Policy [ISSN 0308-597X], v. 131, 104632, (Septiembre 2021)
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