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Title: Psychological and metabolic risk factors in older adults with a previous history of eating disorder: A cross-sectional study from the Predimed-Plus study
Authors: Vintró-Alcaraz, Cristina
Baenas, Isabel
Lozano-Madrid, María
Granero, Roser
Ruiz-Canela, Miguel
Babio, Nancy
Corella, Dolores
Fitó, Montserrat
Martínez, José Alfredo
Alonso-Gómez, Ángel M.
Wärnberg, Julia
Vioque, Jesús
Romaguera, Dora
López-Miranda, José
Estruch, Ramon
Bernal-López, María Rosa
Lapetra, José
Sánchez Villegas, Almudena 
Bueno-Cavanillas, Aurora
Tur, Josep A.
Martin-Sánchez, Vicente
Pintó, Xavier
Delgado-Rodríguez, Miguel
Matía-Martín, Pilar
Vidal, Josep
Cárdenas, Jersy J.
Daimiel, Lidia
Ros, Emilio
Razquin, Cristina
Díaz-López, Andrés
González, José I.
Forcano, Laura
Zulet, María de los Ángeles
Bello-Mora, Maria C.
Valenzuela-Guerrero, Silvia
García de la Hera, Manoli
Konieczna, Jadwiga
García-Ríos, Antonio
Casas, Rosa
Gómez-Pérez, Ana M.
García-Arellano, Ana
Bulló, Mònica
Sorli, José V.
Cuenca-Royo, Aida
Abete, Itziar
Salaverria-Lete, Itziar
Basterra-Gortari, Francisco Javier
de la Torre, Rafael
Salas-Salvadó, Jordi
Fernández-Aranda, Fernando
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: Cardiovascular Risk
Depressive Symptoms
Eating Disorder
Metabolic Syndrome
Neuropsychological Profile
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: European Eating Disorders Review 
Abstract: Goals: To explore affective and cognitive status, later in life, in individuals with and without previous history of eating disorder (ED), and also its association with higher risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) symptomatology. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 6756 adults, aged 55–75 years with overweight/obesity and MetS participating in the Predimed-Plus study was conducted. Participants completed self-reported questionnaires to examine lifetime history of ED, according to DSM-5 criteria, and other psychopathological and neurocognitive factors. Anthropometric and metabolic measurements were also collected. Results: Of the whole sample, 24 individuals (0.35%) reported a previous history of ED. In this subsample, there were more women and singles compared to their counterparts, but they also presented higher levels of depressive symptoms and higher cognitive impairment, but also higher body mass index (BMI) and severe obesity, than those without lifetime ED. Conclusions: This is one of the first studies to analyse the cognitive and metabolic impact of a previous history of ED. The results showed that previous ED was associated with greater affective and cognitive impairment, but also with higher BMI, later in life. No other MetS risk factors were found, after controlling for relevant variables.
ISSN: 1072-4133
DOI: 10.1002/erv.2833
Source: European Eating Disorders Review [ISSN 1072-4133],v. 29 (4), p. 575-587, (Julio 2021)
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