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Title: Importance and antimicrobial resistance of mycoplasma bovis in clinical respiratory disease in feedlot calves
Authors: García-Galán, Ana
Seva, Juan
Gómez-Martín, Ángel
Ortega, Joaquín
Rodríguez Guisado, Francisco 
García-Muñoz, Ángel
De la Fe, Christian
UNESCO Clasification: 310905 Microbiología
Keywords: Antimicrobial Resistance
Feedlot Calves
Minimum In-Hibitory Concentration
Mycoplasma Bovis
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: Animals 
Abstract: Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an important viral and/or bacterial disease that mainly affects feedlot calves. The involvement of Mycoplasma bovis in BRD can lead to chronic pneumonia poorly responsive to antimicrobial treatment. Caseonecrotic bronchopneumonia is a pulmonary lesion typically associated with M. bovis. In Spain, M. bovis is widely distributed in the feedlots and circulating isolates are resistant to most antimicrobials in vitro. However, the role of this species in clinical respiratory disease of feedlot calves remains unknown. Furthermore, available data are relative to a fixed panel of antimicrobials commonly used to treat BRD, but not to the specific set of antimicrobials that have been used for treating each animal. This study examined 23 feedlot calves raised in southeast Spain (2016–2019) with clinical signs of respiratory disease unresponsive to treatment. The presence of M. bovis was investigated through bacteriology (culture and subsequent PCR), histopathology and immunohistochemistry. The pathogen was found in 86.9% (20/23) of the calves, mainly in the lungs (78.26%; 18/23). Immunohistochemistry revealed M. bovis antigens in 73.9% (17/23) of the calves in which caseonecrotic bronchopneumonia was the most frequent lesion (16/17). Minimum inhibitory concentration assays confirmed the resistance of a selection of 12 isolates to most of the antimicrobials specifically used for treating the animals in vivo. These results stress the importance of M. bovis in the BRD affecting feedlot calves in Spain.
ISSN: 2076-2615
DOI: 10.3390/ani11051470
Source: Animals [EISSN 2076-2615], v. 11 (5), 1470, (Mayo 2021)
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