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Title: Microplastics in marine biota: A review
Authors: Ugwu, Kevin
Herrera Ulibarri, Alicia 
Gómez Cabrera, María Milagrosa 
UNESCO Clasification: 251001 Oceanografía biológica
240119 Zoología marina
Keywords: Microplastics
Marine vertebrates
Sea birds
Marine mammals, et al
Issue Date: 2021
Project: Evaluación del impacto de microplásticos y contaminantes emergentes en las costas de la Macaronesia 
Implementation of the indicator Impacts of marine litter on sea turtles and biota in RSC and MSFD areas 
Journal: Marine Pollution Bulletin 
Abstract: Plastics are the most important component in marine debris. In turn, within plastics, microplastics (<5 mm) are those that most affect marine biota. Thus, this review has as its main objective to show the current state of studies of microplastics, as well as to determine the groups of vertebrates most affected by microplastics, and the type and predominant color of microplastics. For this research, we review a total of 132 articles, from 2010 to May of 2020. Our results show that the group more affected are turtles with 88% of the specimens contaminated by microplastics and median of 121.73 particles/individue. The predominant type is fibers (67.3%), polymer is polyethylene (27.3%), size is less than 2 mm (73.6%), and color is blue (32.9%).
ISSN: 0025-326X
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112540
Source: Marine Pollution Bulletin [ISSN 0025-326X], v. 169, 112540 (Agosto 2021)
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