Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: New ages, morphometric and geochemical data on recent shoshonitic volcanism of the Puna, Central Volcanic Zone of Andes: San Jerónimo and Negro de Chorrillos volcanoes
Authors: Fernández-Turiel, J.L.
Saavedra, J.
Pérez Torrado, Francisco José 
Rodríguez González, Alejandro 
Rejas, M.
Guillou, Hervé 
Aulinas Juncá, Meritxell 
UNESCO Clasification: 250621 Vulcanología
Keywords: Shoshonite
Dusty plagioclase
Central Volcanic Zone, et al
Issue Date: 2021
Project: Apoyo A Grupos de Investigación Consolidados: Divulgación de Resultados Científicos Del Grupo Geovol y Preparación de Futuros Trabajos de Investigación. 
QUECA (CGL 2011-23307), MINECO
Journal: Journal of South American Earth Sciences 
Abstract: Shoshonitic volcanic centres are scarce within the back-arc mafic volcanism of the Puna Plateau in the Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes. San Jerónimo and Negro de Chorrillos volcanoes are two well preserved shoshonitic monogenetic edifices that developed mainly Strombolian activity and lava flows, which extended more than 9 and 4 km from the vent, producing a volume DRE (Dense Rock Equivalent) of 0.091 and 0.020 km3, respectively. The new unspiked K–Ar (groundmass) ages of San Jerónimo (144 ± 3 ka) and Negro de Chorrillos (51 ± 2 ka) eruptions presented in this work are both younger than those previously published. Petrographic and compositional features allow distinguishing between potassic and ultrapotassic suites in volcanic products of both eruptions. Phlogopite occurrence and low glass content characterize the ultrapotassic suite. Based on the crustal thickness of this part of the Puna and the experimental constraint, these magmas last equilibrated at Moho depths at around 50 km (the highest depth of spinel lherzolite stability field) for temperatures of 1100–1200 °C. Once in the crust, the K-rich magma underwent a minor interaction with a trachytic-trachydacitic melt, which is evidenced petrographically and geochemically, e.g., mismatch of mineral assemblages (co-occurrence of olivine and quartz), disequilibrium crystal textures (dusty zones in plagioclase, embayments in sanidine), and a wide range of compositional variation in the glasses. Ultrapotassic (i.e., phlogopite-bearing) and potassic lavas in the same eruption are interpreted as pulses of the same magma but with a longer mixing time with the trachytic-trachydacitic melt for the resulting ultrapotassic rocks within an eruptive time frame of hours or days. The singular shoshonitic character of these magmas could be related to their origin along an old terrane boundary. Afterwards, as occurs for other mafic magmas of the Puna, major NW-SE fault systems would favour their ascent to the surface.
ISSN: 0895-9811
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsames.2021.103270
Source: Journal of South American Earth Sciences [ISSN 0895-9811], v. 109, 103270, (Agosto 2021)
Appears in Collections:Artículos
Show full item record


checked on May 26, 2024

Page view(s)

checked on Feb 3, 2024

Google ScholarTM




Export metadata

Items in accedaCRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.