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Title: Nonadherence after hospital discharge in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder: a six-month naturalistic follow-up study
Authors: Vega Dávila, Dulcinea Cruz 
Jimenez Acosta, Francisco 
Saavedra Santana, Pedro 
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3211 Psiquiatría
6105 Evaluación y diagnóstico en psicología
Keywords: Follow-up study
Schizoaffective disorder
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: Comprehensive psychiatry (Print) 
Abstract: Background: Despite a wealth of studies seeking to identify factors associated with nonadherence few consistent predictors have been determined, and several gaps still exist in the literature. Method: We assessed 110 consecutively admitted patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder according to ICD-10 criteria. Assessments were performed during hospitalization and at six-months follow-up. Evaluation included sociodemographic, clinical, psychopathologic and treatment-related variables. Prevalence of nonadherence, associated variables, reasons for nonadherence and possible subtypes were explored. Adherence was defined as the concurrence of adherence to antipsychotic treatment and adherence to outpatient follow-up, during the six-month period. Results: Nonadherence was detected in 58.2% of patients. An identifiable profile was found in nonadherent patients. After multivariate logistic regression analysis, low socio-economic level (OR = 3.68; 95% CI = 1.42–9.53), current cannabis use or abuse (OR = 2.79; 95% CI = 1.07–7.28), nonadherence as a reason for relapse and admission (OR = 5.46; 95% CI = 2.00–14.90), and greater overall severity of symptoms at six months follow-up (OR = 2.00; 95% CI = 1.02–3.95) remained independently associated with nonadherence. Believing that medication is unnecessary was the most reported reason for nonadherence. For nonadherent patients (N = 64), two distinguishable subtypes were found: intentional nonadherence (N = 32; 50%), and unintentional nonadherence (N = 32; 50%). Conclusions: A large percentage of patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder did not adhere to their treatment in the post-discharge follow-up period. The profile identified may enable better prevention of this problem. Specific reasons for nonadherence should also be explored to provide individualized strategies.
ISSN: 0010-440X
DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2021.152240
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry [ISSN 0010-440X], v. 108, 152240, (Julio 2021)
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