Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/106662
Title: Chemical and fatty acid composition of Manchego type and Panela cheeses manufactured from either hair sheep milk or cow milk
Authors: Ochoa-Flores, Angélica A.
Hernández-Becerra, Josafat A.
Velázquez-Martínez, José Rodolfo
Piña-Gutiérrez, José Manuel
Hernández Castellano, Lorenzo Enrique 
Toro-Mujica, Paula
Chay-Canul, Alfonso J.
Vargas-Bello-Pérez, Einar
UNESCO Clasification: 330914 Elaboración de alimentos
310101 Productos lácteos
Keywords: Sheep
Cheese
Milk
Innovation
Tropical
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: Journal of Dairy Science 
Abstract: This study compared the chemical composition and fatty acid (FA) profile of Manchego type cheese and Panela cheese made from hair sheep milk and compared these with both types of cheese manufactured with cow milk as a reference. In addition, this study aimed to determine differences in sensory characteristics between Manchego type cheeses manufactured with either hair sheep milk or cow milk. A total of 25 and 14 Manchego type cheeses from hair sheep milk and cow milk were manufactured, respectively. In addition, 30 and 15 Panela cheeses from hair sheep milk and cow milk were manufactured, respectively. The chemical composition and FA profile were determined in all cheeses. In addition, a sensory analysis was performed in Manchego type cheeses manufactured from either hair sheep milk or cow milk. Moisture content was lower in Manchego type cheeses (37.5 ± 1.26 and 37.5 ± 1.26 g/100 g in cheeses manufactured from hair sheep milk and cow milk, respectively) than in Panela cheeses (54.0 ± 1.26 and 56.1 ± 1.26 g/100 g in cheeses manufactured from hair sheep milk and cow milk, respectively). Ash, protein, and sodium contents were higher in Manchego type cheeses than in Panela cheeses. Manchego type cheese manufactured from hair sheep milk contained more C4:0, C6:0, C8:0, C10:0, C12:0, C14:0, C18:2 cis-9,cis-12, total saturated FA, total short-chain FA, total medium-chain FA, total polyunsaturated FA, and de novo FA than Manchego type cheeses from cow milk. Total content of short-chain FA was higher in hair sheep cheeses (24.4 ± 1.30 and 19.6 ± 1.30 g/100 g in Manchego type and Panela cheeses, respectively) than in cow cheeses (8.89 ± 1.30 and 8.26 ± 1.30 g/100 g in Manchego type and Panela cheeses, respectively). Manchego type cheeses from hair sheep milk obtained higher scores for odor (7.05), texture (6.82), flavor (7.16), and overall acceptance (7.16) compared with those made from cow milk (6.37, 6.12, 6.17, and 6.83, respectively). In conclusion, both Manchego type cheese and Panela cheese manufactured with hair sheep milk had a similar chemical composition and contained higher levels of short-chain FA, total polyunsaturated FA, and de novo FA than those manufactured with cow milk.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/106662
ISSN: 0022-0302
DOI: 10.3168/jds.2020-19301
Source: Journal of Dairy Science [ISSN 0022-0302], v. 104(7), p. 7457-7465
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