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Title: Post-settlement movement as response to interspecific competition between the bioengineer mussels Semimytilus algosus and Perumytilus purpuratus
Authors: Brante, Antonio
Riera, Rodrigo 
Cartes, Verónica
UNESCO Clasification: 240119 Zoología marina
240102 Comportamiento animal
Keywords: Escape behavior
Biological interaction
Attachment strength
Post-settlement dispersal
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Journal of Sea Research 
Abstract: Post-settlement movement has been reported mainly in marine species with low or reduced adult mobility, where distribution varies in accordance with ontogeny, thus avoiding or reducing environmental stress or biological interactions. Mussels show high dispersal at the larval stage, and settlement is a highly complex process in which larvae must choose an appropriate site to attach. Although adults are mainly sedentary, it has been shown that they move on a local scale during the benthic phase in response to physical and biological factors. Semimytilus algosus and Perumytilus purpuratus are two bioengineer mussel species cohabiting most of the Chilean rocky shores. While S. algosus occurs in the low intertidal zone, P. purpuratus dominates the mid and mid-high zones. Field and laboratory experiments have shown that S. algosus is a weak competitor with respect to P. purpuratus, and post-settlers present high mobility to relocate in the intertidal. Under this scenario, we evaluated the dispersal behavior of juveniles and adults of S. algosus as a potential response to competition with P. purpuratus. We also measured the attachment strength of S. algosus in the presence of its competitor, as a measure of its escape response ability. Our results showed that the presence of P. purpuratus increased the movement activity of juveniles and adults of S. algosus and decreased their attachment strength. Field experiments carried out with marked individuals in a Chilean rocky shore, showed that S. algosus exhibits higher local dispersion in the zone where P. purpuratus is present. Mussels' high dispersal ability throughout the whole benthic phase may not only serve to reach the optimal physiological position in the intertidal, but also to reduce competition interaction.
ISSN: 1385-1101
DOI: 10.1016/j.seares.2019.101809
Source: Journal of Sea Research [ISSN 1385-1101 ], v. 154, 101809 (Diciembre 2019)
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