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Title: COVID-19 is examining the EU and the member states: the role of attitudes and sociodemographic factors on citizens’ support towards national policies
Authors: Martin, Juan Carlos 
Román, Concepción 
UNESCO Clasification: 6301 Sociología cultural
530202 Modelos econométricos
Keywords: Covid-19 Pandemic
Lockdown Measures
Marginal Effects
Microeconometric Analysis
Ordered Probit
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: Social Sciences 
Abstract: During March and April 2020, the European Union (EU) was the center of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many national governments imposed severe lockdown policies to mitigate the health crisis, but the citizens’ support to these policies was unknown. The aim of this paper was to analyze empirically how citizens in the EU have reacted towards the measures taken by the national governments. To this end, a microeconometric model (ordered probit) that explains the citizens’ satisfaction by a number of attitudes and sociodemographic factors was estimated using a wide database formed by 21,804 European citizens in 21 EU countries who responded a survey between 23 April and 1 May 2020. Our results revealed that Spaniards were the least satisfied citizens in comparison with Danes, Irelanders, Greeks, and Croats, who were the most satisfied nationals. The years of education and the social class also played a determinant role. We also found that the most important determinant was the political support to the government, and that those who were more worried by the economy and the protection of individual rights were usually more critical of the measures than those who were more worried by the health consequences.
ISSN: 2076-0760
DOI: 10.3390/socsci10020046
Source: Social Sciences [EISSN 2076-0760], v. 10 (2), p. 1-27, (Febrero 2021)
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