Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/10043
Title: Distributions of dissolved trace metals (Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb, Ag) in the southeastern Atlantic and the Southern Ocean
Authors: Boyé, Marie
López-García, Patricia
Lopez Garcia, P. 
Bown, J.
Baker, A.R.
Achterberg, E. P.
UNESCO Clasification: 251002 Oceanografía química
Keywords: Disfagia
Hiperostosis
Entesopatía
Osteofito
Hipofaringe
Issue Date: 2012
Journal: Biogeosciences 
Abstract: Comprehensive synoptic datasets (surface water down to 4000 m) of dissolved cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb) and silver (Ag) are presented along a section between 34◦ S and 57◦ S in the southeastern Atlantic Ocean and the Southern Ocean to the south off South Africa. The vertical distributions of Cu and Ag display nutrient-like profiles similar to silicic acid, and of Cd similar to phosphate. The distribution of Mn shows a subsurface maximum in the oxygen minimum zone, whereas Pb concentrations are rather invariable with depth. Dry deposition of aerosols is thought to be an important source of Pb to surface waters close to South Africa, and dry deposition and snowfall may have been significant sources of Cu and Mn at the higher latitudes. Furthermore, the advection of water masses enriched in trace metals following contact with continental margins appeared to be an important source of trace elements to the surface, intermediate and deep waters in the southeastern Atlantic Ocean and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Hydrothermal inputs may have formed a source of trace metals to the deep waters over the Bouvet Triple Junction ridge crest, as suggested by relatively enhanced dissolved Mn concentrations. The biological utilization of Cu and Ag was proportional to that of silicic acid across the section, suggesting that diatoms formed an important control over the removal of Cu and Ag from surface waters. However, uptake by dinoand nano-flagellates may have influenced the distribution of Cu and Ag in the surface waters of the subtropical Atlantic domain. Cadmium correlated strongly with phosphate (P), yielding lower Cd / P ratios in the subtropical surface waters where phosphate concentrations were below 0.95 µM. The greater depletion of Cd relative to P observed in the Weddell Gyre compared to the Antarctic Circumpolar Current could be due to increase Cd uptake induced by iron-limiting conditions in these high-nutrient–low-chlorophyll waters. Similarly, an increase of Mn uptake under Fe-depleted conditions may have caused the highest depletion of Mn relative to P in the surface waters of the Weddell Gyre. In addition, a cellular Mn-transport channel of Cd was possibly activated in the Weddell Gyre, which in turn may have yielded depletion of both Mn and Cd in these surface waters.
La hiperostosis esquelética idiopática difusa, también denominada síndrome de Forestier-Rotes Querol, es una entesopatía relativamente frecuente asociada a la edad avanzada de etiología desconocida. Dada su presentación habitualmente asintomática y su curso benigno no suele tenerse en cuenta desde un punto de vista patológico. Sin embargo, en ocasiones se ha descrito su relación con alteraciones medulares y de raíces nerviosas, esófago y vías aéreas. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con disfagia de meses de evolución y sospecha neoplásica que tras estudio con TC multidetector es diagnósticado de hiperostosis esquelética idiopática difusa con afectación cervical como causa de la disfagia.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/10043
ISSN: 1726-4170
DOI: 10.5194/bg-9-3231-2012
Source: Biogeosciences[ISSN 1726-4170],v. 9 (8), p. 3231-3246
Rights: by-nc-nd
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