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Title: Hydrographical and dynamical properties of the Cape Verde frontal zone during the fluxes-II survey
Authors: Navarro Sánchez, Laura
Director: Martínez Marrero, Antonio 
Rodríguez Santana, Ángel 
UNESCO Clasification: 251007 Oceanografía física
Keywords: Cape Verde Frontal zone
Cap Blanc System
Anticyclonic structure
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: The Cape Verde Frontal Zone (CVFZ) separates North and South Atlantic Central Waters in the upper thermocline waters of the eastern North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre. High resolution moving vessel profiler (SeaSoar) and shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (SADCP) data from a 220x167 km grid carried out in November 2017 are used to identify the front location and to study its hydrographical and dynamical properties. The water mass boundary is revealed to be a strong thermohaline front where sharp gradients in salinity, temperature and oxygen in the upper 400 m are shown. Chlorophyll-a images, Mercator model and ADCP data indicate the presence of an anticyclonic structure that produce a complex and extensive interleaving of North Atlantic Central Waters (NACW) and South Atlantic Central Waters (SACW). A clear relation between spatial variations of water mass properties and currents are observed, demonstrating the importance of advection in the distribution of water masses. This distribution of central waters in turn determines a complex spatial variation of double diffusive processes, although a moderate salt fingers regime predominates. In addition, as the front is situated in the Cap Blanc upwelling system, in situ observations and remotely sensed data reflect the presence of a large upwelling filament caused by the anticyclonic structure. This cold and fresh filament, which reach 300 km from the coast, is a shallow feature of about 100 m depth, identified by a minimal surface salinity and rich in chlorophyll-a. The high turbidity value measured under the filament evidence the sinking of suspended particles. This result reflects the important role of the filaments in the export of organic carbon from coastal areas rich in biomass to the deep ocean. They also suggest that the temporal variation of the export of organic carbon in the Cap Blanc upwelling system would ultimately be determined by the eddies generated in the CVFZ.
Department: Departamento de Física
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias del Mar
Degree: Grado en Ciencias del Mar
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