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Title: An end to the controversy over the microscopic detection and effects of pristine microplastics in fish organs
Authors: De Sales-Ribeiro, Carolina
Brito Casillas, Yeray 
Fernández Rodríguez, Antonio Jesús 
Caballero Cansino, María José 
UNESCO Clasification: 3105 Peces y fauna silvestre
330811 Control de la contaminación del agua
Keywords: Microscopic detection
Pristine microplastics
Fish organs
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Scientific Reports 
Abstract: The aquatic environment and the associated fish assemblages are being exposed to an increasing amount of microplastics. Despite the high number of publications on the presence of microplastics in fish, little is known about their uptake, translocation and accumulation within fish organs. Experimental studies on the detection and effects of pristine microplastics in fish have shown controversial and ambiguous results, respectively. Here, we conducted two experiments to detect and assess the impacts of dietary exposure of Danio rerio to different types of pristine microplastics. Our results show that D. rerio recognizes plastic particles as inedible materials but ingests them when mixed with food or fish oil. Accidental ingestion occurs in fish exposed to relatively small (1–5 µm) microplastic particles without associated food or fish oil. Additionally, D. rerio effectively eliminated pristine microplastics 24 h after ingestion; however, retention time was associated with increasing particle size and the intake of additional meals. Clinical signs, such as anorexia and lethargy, are present in fish fed relatively large microplastics (120–220 µm). The ingestion of microplastics does not induce any histopathological changes. To the best of our knowledge, we are able, for the first time, to fully demonstrate the uptake and translocation of plastic microbeads using confocal microscopy. Our results question the findings of previous studies on the detection and effects of pristine microplastics in fish and state that inaccurate interpretations of the histological findings regarding microplastics in fish organs is a prevalent flaw in the current scientific literature.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-69062-3
Source: Scientific Reports [EISSN 2045-2322], v. 10 (1), Article number 12434, (Diciembre 2020)
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