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Title: Sampling techniques evaluation for monitoring and control of a non-native crab population
Authors: Martín García, Jose Antonio 
Triay Portella, Raül 
González Pajuelo, José Mario 
Lorenzo Nespereira, José María 
Luque Escalona, Ángel 
UNESCO Clasification: 310512 Ordenación y conservación de la fauna silvestre
Keywords: Cronius rubern
Issue Date: 2019
Project: Contribución de Las Corrientes de Contorno Del Margen Este A la Variabilidad de la Amoc 
Conference: 5th European Conference on Scientific Diving (ECSD5) 
Abstract: Cronius ruber is a non-native crab species who has now largely spread and adapted throughout the Canary Islands (north-eastern Atlantic) in few years. The aim of this work is to determine the effectiveness of different sampling techniques for the control and monitoring of this species. The study was carried out in six different locations, between 2 and 6 m depth, around Gran CanarÍa Island. In each location two scientific divers installed 2 fixed transepts on a rocky-bottom and 2 on sandy-bottom with seagrasses (Cymodosea nodosa). The techniques that we have tested were visual census, visual census with attractors and baited traps. The transepts were 75 m2 and the effective fishing area (EAF) of each group of baited traps was 1,650 m2. In each transept, all the different techniques mentioned were carried out. Due to the nocturnal activity of the species, all the techniques were developed during the night time. The crab densities were compared according to the type of the bottom, and for each sampling technique. The visual censuses with attractors were the most appropriate technique for determinate the crab abundances in high densities areas. However, baited traps were more effective sampling technique for determinate a low crab density location. The use of one technique versus another will be determined by the phase of evaluation and control of the invasive species, being more appropriate the use of baited traps to determine the presence or absence of the species, and on the other hand the census with attractors allows a more precise evaluation of the density evolution of Cronius ruber population.
Source: 5th European Conference on Scientific Diving (ECSD5) organised by the IO PAN Scientific Diving TEAM, in Sopot, first time in Poland 24-27th April 2019
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