Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/70034
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorOlza, Josuneen_US
dc.contributor.authorde Victoria, Emilio Martínezen_US
dc.contributor.authorAranceta Bartrina, Javieren_US
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Gross, Marcelaen_US
dc.contributor.authorOrtega, Rosa M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSerra Majem, Luisen_US
dc.contributor.authorVarela-Moreiras, Gregorioen_US
dc.contributor.authorGil, Ángelen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-05T12:52:02Z-
dc.date.available2020-02-05T12:52:02Z-
dc.date.issued2019en_US
dc.identifier.issn2072-6643en_US
dc.identifier.otherScopus-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10553/70034-
dc.description.abstractDiet is one of the key modifiable behaviors that can help to control and prevent non-communicable chronic diseases. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the overall diet composition of the population through non-invasive and independent indexes or scores as diet quality indexes (DQIs). The primary aim of the present work was to estimate the adequacy of the intake of critical nutrients in the Spanish “Anthropometry, Intake, and Energy Balance Study” (ANIBES) (n = 2285; 9–75 years), considering, as a reference, the European Food Scientific Authority (EFSA) values for nutrients for the European Union. We also assessed the quality of the diet for adults and older adults using four internationally accepted DQIs, namely the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), the Mediterranean Diet Score-modified (MDS-mod), and the Mediterranean-Diet Quality Index (MED-DQI), as well as the ANIBES-DQI, stratified by education and income. The ANIBES-DQI was based on compliance with EFSA and Food and Agriculture Organization recommendations for a selected group of nutrients (i.e., total fat, saturated fatty acids (SFAs), simple sugars, fiber, calcium, vitamin C, and vitamin A), with a total range of 0–7. Misreporting was assessed according to the EFSA protocol, which allowed us to assess the DQIs for both the general population and plausible reporters. The majority of the Spanish population had high intakes of SFAs and sugars and low intakes of fiber, folate, and vitamins A and C. In addition, about half of the population had low DQI scores and exhibited low adherence to the Mediterranean diet pattern. Overall, older adults (>65–75 years) showed better DQIs than adults (18–64 years), without major differences between men and women. Moreover, primary education and low income were associated with low MDS and ANIBES-DQI scores. For the ANIBES-DQI, the percentage of the population with low scores was higher in the whole population (69.5%) compared with the plausible energy reporters (49.0%), whereas for medium and high scores the percentages were higher in plausible reporters (41.2% vs. 26.2% and 9.8% vs. 4.3%, respectively). In conclusion, the present study adds support to marked changes in the Mediterranean pattern in Spain, and low education and income levels seem to be associated with a low-quality diet. Additionally, the misreported evaluation in the ANIBES population suggests that this analysis should be routinely included in nutrition surveys to give more precise and accurate data related to nutrient intake and diet quality.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relationgrant from Coca-Cola Iberiaen_US
dc.relation.ispartofNutrientsen_US
dc.sourceNutrients [ISSN 2072-6643], v. 11 (10)en_US
dc.subject3206 Ciencias de la nutriciónen_US
dc.subject.otherAdequacy Of Intakeen_US
dc.subject.otherDiet Qualityen_US
dc.subject.otherDiet Quality Indexesen_US
dc.subject.otherDietary Recommended Intakesen_US
dc.subject.otherNutrientsen_US
dc.titleAdequacy of critical nutrients affecting the quality of the Spanish diet in the ANIBES studyen_US
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/nu11102328en_US
dc.identifier.scopus85072935425-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid24468551700-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid7801395089-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid57189854963-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6701646524-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid57194264142-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid35596972100-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid55917735600-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid56244656400-
dc.identifier.issue10-
dc.relation.volume11en_US
dc.investigacionCiencias de la Saluden_US
dc.type2Artículoen_US
dc.utils.revisionen_US
dc.identifier.ulpgcen_US
dc.contributor.buulpgcBU-MEDen_US
dc.description.sjr1,329
dc.description.jcr4,546
dc.description.sjrqQ1
dc.description.jcrqQ1
dc.description.scieSCIE
item.grantfulltextopen-
item.fulltextCon texto completo-
crisitem.author.deptGIR Nutrición-
crisitem.author.deptIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.deptDepartamento de Ciencias Clínicas-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-9658-9061-
crisitem.author.parentorgIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.fullNameAranceta Bartrina, Javier-
crisitem.author.fullNameSerra Majem, Luis-
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