Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/52296
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dc.contributor.authorGonzalez-Reimers, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMas-Pascual, M. A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorArnay-De-La-Rosa, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVelasco Vázquez, Francisco Javieren_US
dc.contributor.authorSantolaria-Fernández, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMachado-Calvo, M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-25T19:06:19Z-
dc.date.available2018-11-25T19:06:19Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.identifier.issn0002-9483en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10553/52296-
dc.description.abstractHistomorphometry is useful in the as-sessment of trabecular bone mass (TBM), and thus, in theestimation of the prevalence and intensity of osteopenia inancient population groups. However, it is a destructivemethod. It is therefore necessary to explore the accuracy ofnondestructive approaches, such as radiography, bonemineral density (BMD) assessed by double-energy X-rayabsorptiometry (DEXA), bone density (BD), or optical den-sity (OD) in the diagnosis of osteopenia. We selected 51vertebrae out of a total sample composed of 333 T12, L1,and L2 vertebrae belonging to adult pre-Hispanic inhab-itants from El Hierro. These vertebrae underwent histo-morphometrical analysis, a fine-grained film radiographywith assessment of trabecular pattern following standardmethods, OD, DEXA-assessed BMD, and BD. The pres-ence of biconcave vertebrae and wedge-shaped vertebraewas also assessed by measuring anterior height (a), pos-terior height (p), and height at the middle point of thevertebral body (m), and further calculating the indices2m/(a p) (“spine score”) and a/p. Significant correlationswere observed between TBM and BMD (r 0.43), TBMand BD (r 0.49), TBM and OD (r 0.52), BMD and OD(r 0.51), and BMD and BD (r 0.36), but not betweenTBM and the indices 2m/(a p) and a/p. In the stepwisemultiple correlation analysis between TBM and BMD,BD, and OD, OD entered into first place and BD intosecond place, whereas BMD became displaced; the multi-ple correlation coefficient was 0.63, with a standard errorof 3.78. A BMD greater than 0.60 g/cm2, or a bone densitygreater than 0.60 g/cm3, excluded osteopenia (TBM 15%)with a specificity greater than 90%, whereas a BMD valueless than 0.35 g/cm2, a BD less than 0.35 g/cm3, or opticaldensity 1.6 excluded a normal bone mass (TBM 20%)with a specificity greater than 90%. Based on radiographiccriteria on the total sample, we also conclude that theoverall prevalence of vertebral fractures in the adult pre-Hispanic population of El Hierro of any age is 7.5%. Am JPhys Anthropol 125:121–131, 2004.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisher0002-9483
dc.relation.ispartofAmerican journal of physical anthropologyen_US
dc.sourceAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology[ISSN 0002-9483],v. 125, p. 121-131en_US
dc.subject550501 Arqueologíaen_US
dc.subject.otherOsteopeniaen_US
dc.subject.otherDEXAen_US
dc.subject.otherBone densityen_US
dc.subject.otherBone histomorphometryen_US
dc.subject.otherPrehistoric CanaryIslandsen_US
dc.subject.otherOsteoporosisen_US
dc.titleNoninvasive estimation of bone mass in ancient vertebraeen_US
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees
dc.typeArticlees
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/ajpa.10374en_US
dc.identifier.scopus4544381999-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid7004694989-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6507698800-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6602716669-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid8108100300-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6701348569-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid8108101300-
dc.description.lastpage131-
dc.description.firstpage121-
dc.relation.volume125-
dc.investigacionArtes y Humanidadesen_US
dc.type2Artículoen_US
dc.identifier.ulpgces
dc.description.jcr2,693
dc.description.jcrqQ1
item.fulltextSin texto completo-
item.grantfulltextnone-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-0339-3500-
crisitem.author.fullNameVelasco Vázquez, Francisco Javier-
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