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Title: Inactivation of Mycoplasma species involved in contagious agalactia
Authors: De La Fe, Christian
Assuncão, Patricia
Ramirez, AS 
Poveda, JB 
Keywords: Proteins
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: 0005-9366
Journal: Berliner und Münchener tierärztliche Wochenschrift (1946) 
Abstract: The suitability of 5 agents for the inactivation of different field strains of the four mycoplasma species associated with contagious agalactia syndrome in goats, i.e. Mycoplasma agalactiae, Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides LC, Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum and Mycoplasma putrefaciens, was investigated. Immunoprophylaxis of this syndrome is still based on inactivated vaccines, which traditionally use formalin as the inactivating agent. Moreover, the limited information existing about this type of vaccine is only based on assays against Mycoplasma agalactiae. Our results showed that formalin (0.1 %, 37degreesC during 16 hours) and phenol (05 %, 24 hours) were effective against all species tested. Surprisingly, binary ethileneimine (BEI), a classical virus-inactivating agent, also proved to be very effective when it was used in a 0.1 M concentration over 24 hours. With heat treatment, every species was inactivated at 60degreesC. No satisfying results were obtained with purified saponin. To evaluate the harmful effects of each agent on mycoplasmal proteins, a representative strain was subjected to an effective inactivation protocol with each agent, which was monitored by Western immunoblotting. Immunoblotting was performed using sera of animals inoculated with the respective mycoplasma species, to compare the effect of all the agents on treated strains with untreated strains. The results confirmed that phenol, BEI and to a lesser extent also formalin inactivated all species without causing a significant damage while heat caused stronger damage on surface proteins. Future in vivo studies should be conducted because, as recently shown,the combined use of a suitable inactivant and adjuvant could give rise to the induction of certain cytokines and strong antibody production of a specific isotype pattern, thus opening ways to develop more efficacious inactivated vaccines against contagious agalactia.
ISSN: 0005-9366
Source: Berliner Und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift[ISSN 0005-9366],v. 117 (1-2), p. 1-5
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