Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/50995
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dc.contributor.authorLopez Calbet, J. A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNavarro, M. A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBarbany, J. R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Manso, Juan Manuelen_US
dc.contributor.authorBonnin, M. R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorValero, J.en_US
dc.contributor.otherCalbet, Jose A-
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-24T20:31:32Z-
dc.date.available2018-11-24T20:31:32Z-
dc.date.issued1993en_US
dc.identifier.issn0172-4622en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10553/50995-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this work was to study the seasonal salivary cortisol and testosterone changes, and their relationships with lean body mass variations, in highly trained cyclists. Physical fitness, body composition (6 skinfolds) and basal salivary testosterone were evaluated in 7 male cyclists, on two separate occasions. The first assessment was made at the onset of the competitive season and the second 6 months later. Two kinds of exercise tests were carried out. The first test was an incremental exercise test to determine the maximum O2 consumption (V̇O2max) and the maximum workload (Wmax). We also measured the V̇O2 and workload (W) attained at the first and second ventilatory thresholds (V̇O2 VT1, WVT1, V̇O2 VT2, WVT2). During the tests the V̇O2 was recorded every 30 seconds (Oxycon-5, Mijhardt BV, Odijk). As a second test two days later, we assessed the anaerobic capacity expressed as the maximal accumulated O2 deficit (MAOD). Briefly, each subject underwent five submaximal exercises each lasting 6 min at an intensity of 200, 220, 240, 260 and 280 W. We estimated individually the O2 demand by extrapolating the linear relationship between the power and the O2 demand previously established. Afterwards the subjects performed a supramaximal bout at an intensity producing exhaustion between 2 and 4 minutes. The accumulated O2 demand was calculated by multiplying the O2 demand by the supramaximal test duration. The MAOD was computed as the difference between the accumulated O2 demand and the O2 consumed during the supramaximal rides. We found a significant increase in some physical fitness parameters related to aerobic capacity. The Wmax increased from 5.7±0.5 to 6.1±0.3 W · kg-1 (p<0.05); the WVT2 increased from 3.6±0.5 to 4.0±0.5 W · kg-1 (p<0.05; the WVT2 increased from 4.4±0.6 to 4.9±0.4 W·kg-1 (p<0.05). The V̇O2max (from 75.7±4.8 to 75.3±3.5 ml · kg-1 · min-1, P = NS), the V̇O2 VT1 (from 51.7±6.2 to 54.1±5.3 ml·kg-1·min-1 P = NS), and the V̇O2 VT2 (from 62.5±7.2 to 65.1±3.4, p = NS) showed a non-significant increasing pattern. Nevertheless, the anaerobic capacity (expressed as the MAOD) decreased from 75.8±13.9 to 53.3±16.6 ml · kg-1 (p<0.05). The cycling economy, as reflected by the steady state V̇O2 at 240 W, ameliorated slightly (from 55.5±5.3 to 53.5±3.2 ml·kg-1 · min-1, p = NS), but the changes were non-significant. The subjects showed a significant decrease in weight (from 64.3±3.6 to 62.5±3.6kg, p<0.05) and in lean body mass (from 60.4±3.5 to 58.4±3.0kg, p<0.05). Salivary testosterone showed a non-significant decreasing pattern (from 0.45±0.17 to 0.39±0.18 nmol/l, p = 0.15). The testosterone/cortisol ratio decreased by 29% (from 0.022±0.010 to 0.016±0.005, p<0.10), but this change did not reach statistical significance. A firm correlation was found between increment of testosterone and increment of lean body mass (r = 0.87, p<0.05). Our cyclists increased their aerobic capacity, but they showed a deterioration of the anaerobic capacity. In spite of the high volume of exercise accumulated by these cyclists, the diminishing effect of endurance training on testosterone was not significantly evident. Our findings suggest that basal bioavailable testosterone changes are related to lean body mass variations.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisher0172-4622
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Sports Medicineen_US
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Sports Medicine[ISSN 0172-4622],v. 14, p. 111-117en_US
dc.subject241106 Fisiología del ejercicioen_US
dc.subject.otherSalivary cortisolen_US
dc.subject.othersalivary testosteroneen_US
dc.subject.otheranaerobic capacityen_US
dc.subject.othercycling economyen_US
dc.subject.otherendurance trainingen_US
dc.titleSalivary steroid changes and physical performance in highly trained cyclistsen_US
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/Articlees
dc.typeArticlees
dc.identifier.doi10.1055/s-2007-1021153en_US
dc.identifier.scopus0027190396-
dc.identifier.isiA1993LC69600001-
dcterms.isPartOfInternational Journal Of Sports Medicine
dcterms.sourceInternational Journal Of Sports Medicine[ISSN 0172-4622],v. 14 (3), p. 111-117
dc.contributor.authorscopusid7004323423-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid7201561567-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6508265877-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6508074186-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid7006397706-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid36658540700-
dc.description.lastpage117-
dc.description.firstpage111-
dc.relation.volume14-
dc.investigacionCiencias de la Saluden_US
dc.type2Artículoen_US
dc.identifier.wosWOS:A1993LC69600001
dc.contributor.daisngid90295-
dc.contributor.daisngid215648-
dc.contributor.daisngid3520827-
dc.contributor.daisngid8353794-
dc.contributor.daisngid1252571-
dc.contributor.daisngid12278911-
dc.contributor.daisngid28302702
dc.identifier.investigatorRIDH-6693-2015-
dc.identifier.externalWOS:A1993LC69600001-
dc.identifier.externalWOS:A1993LC69600001-
dc.identifier.externalWOS:A1993LC69600001-
dc.identifier.externalWOS:A1993LC69600001-
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:CALBET, JAL
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:NAVARRO, MA
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:BARBANY, JR
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:MANSO, JG
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:BONNIN, MR
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:VALERO, J
dc.date.coverdateEnero 1993
dc.identifier.ulpgces
item.grantfulltextopen-
item.fulltextCon texto completo-
crisitem.author.deptRendimiento humano, ejercicio físico y salud-
crisitem.author.deptIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.deptDepartamento de Educación Física-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-9215-6234-
crisitem.author.parentorgIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.fullNameLópez Calbet, José Antonio-
crisitem.author.fullNameGarcía Manso, Juan Manuel-
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